предыдущая главасодержаниеследующая глава


Ackerman J. D., Mesler M. R., 1979. Pollination biology of Listera cordata (Orchidaceae), Am. J. bot. 66, 820-824.

Adlerz W C., 1966. Honeybee visits and watermelon pollination, J. econ. entomol, 50, 28-30.

Agnew D., 1978. A case of myophily involving Drosophilidae (Diptera), J. S. Afr. bot. 42, 85-95.

Agthe C., 1951. Über die physiologische Herkunft des Pflanzennektars, Ber. schweiz. bot. Ges., 61, 240-247.

Alcorn S. M., McGregor S. E., Butler G. D., jr., Kurtz E. B. jr., 1959. Pollination requirements of the saguaro cactus (Carnegiea gigantea), Cact, succ. J. Am., 31, 2, 134-138.

Alcorn S. M., McGregor S. E., Olin G., 1961. Pollination of saguaro cactus by doves, nectar-feeding bats, and honeybees, Sciene, 133, 1594-1595.

Алпатов В. В., 1946. The mutual help of insects and entomophilous plants as an example of interspecific symbiosis, Zool. zh., 25, 325-328.

Amadon D., 1947. Evolution in Hawaiian birds, Evolution, 1, 63-68.

Amoore J. E., Rubin M., Apotheker D., Lutmer R., Johnston J., Sandval A., Saunders H., 1962. The stereochemical theory of olfaction, Proc. sci. sect. Spec. suppl. 37. Toilet goods assos., 12 pp.

Anderson E., 1939. Recombination in species crosses, Genetics, 24, 668-698.

Arnell H. W., 1903. Om dominerande blomningsföreteelser i Södra Sverige, Ark. bot., 1, 287-376.

Arroyo M. Т., Raven P. H., 1975. The evolution of subdioecy in morphologically gynodioecious species of Fuchsia sect. Eucliandra (Onagraceae), Evolution, 29, 500-511.

Ascher P D., Peloquin J. S., 1966. Effect of floral ageing on the growth of compatible and incompatible pollen tubes in Lilium longiflorum, Am. J. bot. 53, 99-102.

Ash J. S., Hope Jones P., Melville R., 1961. The contamination of birds with pollen and other substances, Br. birds, 54, 93-100.

Ashton P. S., 1969. Speciation among tropical forest trees: some deductions in the light of recent evidence, Biol. J. Linn. soc., 1, 155-196.

Atsatt P. R., Strong D., 1970. The population biology of annual grassland hemiparasites. I: The host environment. II: Reproductive patterns in Orthocarpus, Evolution, 24, 278-291, 598-612.

Aufsess A. von, 1960. Geruchliche Nahorientierung der Biene bei entomophilen und ornithophilen Blüten, Z. vergl. Physiol., 43, 469-498.

Ayensu E. A., 1974. Plant and bat interaction in West Africa, Ann. Mo. bot. gard., 61, 702-727.

Baird A. M., 1938. A contribution to the life history of Macrozamia reidlei, J. R. soc. W. Aust., 25, 153-175.

Baker H. G., 1955. Self-compatibility and establishment after 'long-distance' dispersal, Evolution, 9, 347-348.

Baker H. G., 1960. Reproductive methods as factors in speciation in flowering plants, Cold Spring Harbor symp. quant, biol., 24, 177-191.

Baker H. G., 1961a. The adaptations of flowering plants to nocturnal and crepuscular pollinators, Quart, rev. biol., 36, 64-73.

Baker H. G., 1961b. Ficus and Blastophaga, Evolution, 15, 375-379.

Baker H. G., 1962. Heterostyly in Connaraceae with special reference to Byrsocarpus coccineus, Bot. gaz., 123, 206-221.

Baker H. G., 1966. The evolution, functioning and breakdown of heteromorphic incompatibility systems. I: The Plumbaginaceae, Evolution, 20, 349-368.

Baker H. G., 1975. Sugar concentrations in nectars from hummingbird flowers, Biotropica, 7, 37-41.

Baker H. G., 1976. "Mistake" pollination as a reproductive system with special reference to the Carlicaceae, In: Burley and Styles, 1976, 161-169.

Baker H. G., 1977. Non-sugar chemical constituents of nectar, Apidologie, 8, 349-355.

Baker H. G., Baker I., 1973a. Some anthecological aspects of nectarproducing flowers, particularly amino acid production in nectar, In: Heywood, 1973, 243-264.

Baker H. G., Baker I., 1973b. Amino acids in nectar and their evolutionary significance, Nature, 241, 543-545.

Baker H. G., Baker I., 1975. Studies of nectar-constitution and pollinator-plant coevolution, In: Gilbert and Raven, 1975, 100-140.

Baker H. G., Baker I., Opler P. A., 1973. Stigmatic exudates and pollination, In: Brantjes and Linskens, 1973, 47-60.

Baker H. G., Cruden R. W., Baker I., 1971. Minor parasitism in pollination biology and its community function: the case of Ceiha acuminata, Bioscience, 21, 1127-1129.

Baker H. G., Harris B. J., 1957. The pollination of Parkia by bats and its attendant evolutionary problems, Evolution, 11, 449-460.

Baker H. G., Harris B. J., 1959. Bat-pollination of the silk-cotton tree, Ceiba pentandra (L.) gaertn. (sensu lato) in Ghana, J. W. Afr. sci. ass., 5, 1-9.

Baker H. G., Hurd P. H., 1968. Intrafloral ecology, Ann. rev. entromol., 13, 385-414.

Barrett S. A. H., 1977. Breeding systems in Eichhornea and Pontederia, tristylous genera of the Pontederiaceae, Diss. abstr., 38B, 3526.

Bateman A. J., 1947. Contamination of seed crops. I: Insect pollination, J. genet. 48, 257-276.

Bateman A. J., 1951. The taxonomic discrimination of bees, Heredity, 5, 271-280.

Bateman A. J., 1968. The role of heterostyly in Narcissus and Mirabilis, Evolution, 22, 645-646.

Baumann E., 1978. Rennfliegen (Diptera: Phoridae) als Blütenbesucher, Kritische Sichtung der Literatur, Elora, 167, 301-314.

Bawa E. S., 1974. Breeding systems of tree species of a lowland tropical community, Evolution, 28, 85-92.

Beattie A. J., 1969. The floral biology of tree species of Viola, New phytol., 68, 1187-1201.

Beattie A. J., 1971. Itinerant pollination in a forest, Madrono, 21, 120-124. Quoted from Biol. Abstr., 56, 65670.

Beccari O., 1877-1878. Piante nuove о rare dell'arcipelago malese della Nuova Guinea, In: Beccari, Malesia, 1 (2-3).

Beck von Managetta G., 1914. Die Pollennachahmung in den Blüten der Orchideengattung Eria, Sitzungsber. Aked. Wiss. Wien. Mat. - natw. Kl, 123, 1033-1046.

Beckett K., 1979. Juvenility: with special reference to New Zealand plants, Plantsman, 1, 81-84.

Benl G., 1938. Die genetischen Grundlagen der Blütenfarben (Sammelreferat), Z. induct. Abstamm. Vererbungsl., 74, 242-329.

Bentley В. L., 1976. Plants bearing extrafloral nectaries and the associated and community: interhabitat difference in the reduction of herbivore damage, Ecology, 57, 815-820.

Bentley B. L., 1977. The protective function of ants visiting the extrafloral nectaries of Bixa orelanna (Bixaceae), J. ecol., 65, 27-38.

Berg С. C., 1977a. Urticales, their differentiation and systematic position, Plant, syst. biol. Suppl., 1, 349-374.

Berg С. C., 1977b. Abscission of anthers in Cecropia, Acta bot. neerl., 26, 417-419.

Berg R. J., 1959. Seed dispersal, morphology and taxonomic position of Scoliopus, Liliaceae, Skr. nor. Vidensk.-akad. Oslo. I. Mat.-natw. K1. 1959, 4, 56pp.

Bhaskar V., Razi B. A., 1974. Nocturnal germination in Impatiens, Curr. sci., 43, 626-628.

Благовещенская H. Н., 1970. The evolution of pollination in angiosperms in the light of the theory of mutually adaptive parallel evolution, Bot. zh., 1301-1303.

Blake S. F., Roff A., 1953-1956. The honey flora of SE Queensland, Queensl. agric. J., 76-82.

Bohart G. E., 1971. Management of habitats for wild bees, Proc. tall timber conf. ecol. anim. contr. habit, man, February 25-27, 1971, 253-266.

Bohart G. E., Nye W. P., 1960. Insect pollination of carrots in Utan, Utan Agric. exp. stn. Utan state univ. Bull., 419, 16 pp.

Bohart G. E., Nye W. P., Hawthorn L. R., 1970. Onion pollination as affected by different levels of pollinator activity, Utan agric. exp. stn. Utah state univ. Bull., 482, 57 pp.

Bohart G. E., Youssuf N. N., 1972. Notes on the biology of Megachile (Megachiloides) umatillensis Mitchell (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) and its parasites, Trans. R. entomol. soc. London, 124, 1-19.

Bohn C. W., Davis G. N., 1964. Insect pollination is necessary for the production of muskmelons (Cucumis melo v. reticulatus), J. apicult. res. 3, 61-63.

Bonnier G., 1879. Les nectaires, Ann. sci. nat. Bot., 8, 1-212.

Bormann С. H., 1972. Welvitschia mirabilis: paradox of the Namib desert, Endeavour, 31, 95-98.

Brantjes N. В. M., 1973. Sphingophilous flowers, function of their scent, In: Brantjes and Linskens, 1973, 27-46.

Brantjes N. В. M., 1976. Riddles around the pollination of Melandrium album (Mill.) Garcke (Caryophyllaceae) during the oviposition by Hadena bicruris Hufn. (Noctuidea, Lepidoptera). I-II., Proc. K. ned. acad. wet. Ser. C. 79, 1-12, 127-141.

Brantjes N. В. M., 1978. Pollination attraction of Vitis vinifera subsp. vestris, Vitis., 17, 229-233.

Brantjes N. В. M., Leeman J. A. A. M., 1976. Silene otites (Caryophyllaceae) pollinated by nocturnal Lepidoptera and mosquitoes, Acta bot. neerl., 25, 281-295.

Brantjes N. В. M., Linskens H. F. (eds), 1973. Pollination and dispersal, Symp. Nijmegen univ., 14 December 1973 offered to L. v. d. Pijl, 125 pp.

Brantjes N. В. M., van der Pijl L., 1980. Pollination mechanisms in Polygala, Acta bot. neerl., 29, 55-58.

Brewbaker J. L., 1959. Biology of the angiosperm pollen grain, Indian J. genet, plant breed. 19, 121-133.

Brian A. D., 1957. Differences in the flowers visited by four species of bumblebees and their causes, J. anim. ecol., 26, 71-98.

Brodie J. L., 1951. The splash-cup mechanism in plants, Can. J. bot., 29, 224-234.

Bruch C., 1923. Coleopteros fertilizadores de "Prosopanche Burmeisteri" be Bary, Physis, Rev. soc. argent, cienc. nat., 7, 82-88.

Brynh A., 1897. Beobachtungen iiber das Ausstreuen der Sporen bei den Splachnaceen, Biol. ZentralbL, 17, 48-55.

Buchman S. L., 1975. Buzz pollination of Cassia quiedondella Micheli (Leguminosae) by bees of genera Centris and Melipona, Bull. S. Calif, acad. sc., 73, 171-173. Quoted from Excerpta bot., 29, 186.

Büdel A., 1959. Das Mikroklima der Blüte in Bodennähe, Z. Bienenforsch. 4, 131-140.

Burkhardt J., 1964. Color discrimination in insects, Adv. insect. physiol., 2, 131-173.

Byrley J., Styles B. F. T (eds), 1976. Tropical trees. Variation, breeding and conservation, Linn. soc. Symp. ser. 2.

Cady L. R., Rotherham E. R., 1970. Australian native orchids. in colour, Reed (Melbourne), 111 pp.

Cammerloher H., 1923. Zur Biologie der Blüme von Aristolochia grandiflora Swartz, Österr. bot. Z., 72, 180-198.

Cammerloher H., 1929. Zur Kenntnis von Bau and Function extrafloraler Mektarien, Biol, gen., 5, 281-302.

Cammerloher H., 1931. Blütenbiologie, Berlin (Borntraeger).

Campbell C. G., Nelson S. H., 1973. Staining embedded pollen tubes, Can. J. plant sci., 53, 415.

Campbell W D., 1963. Warblers as pollinators in Britain, Br. birds, 56, 111-112.

Carauta J. P. P., 1972. Dorstenia hirta Desvaux (Moraceae) - figuerilha; estudo de sua biologia floral, At. soc. biol. Rio Janeiro, 16, 7-11.

Carey F. M., Lewis J. J., MacGregor J. L., Martin-Smith M., 1959. Pharmacological and chemical observations on some toxic nectars, J. pharm. Pharmacol. Suppl. II, 269T-274T.

Cautwell G. E., Shimanuki H., Retzer H. J., 1970. Containerized bees airdropped into cranberry bogs, Am. bee J., 111, 272-273.

Cazier M. A., Linsley E. C., 1974. Foraging behavior of some bees and wasps at Kallstroemia grandiflora flowers in Southern Arizona and New Mexico, Am. mus. novit., 2546, 20pp.

Chapman P D., 1966. Floral biology and the fruitfulness of Jamaica allspice (Pimenta dioica), Bee world, 47 Suppl, 125-130.

Chase V. C., Raven P. H., 1975. Evolutionary and ecological relationships between Aquilegia formosa and A. pubescens (Ranunculaceae), two perennial plants, Evolution, 29, 474-486.

Chatin A., 1855. Memoire sur le Vallisneria spiralis L., Paris.

Холодный X. Г., 1944. Pollination in Salvia glutinosa, Bot. zh., 29, 108-113.

Churchill D. M., Christensen P., 1970. Observations on pollen harvesting by brush-tongued lorikeets, Aust. J. zool., 18, 427-437.

Clausen J., Hisey W. M., 1960. The balance between coherence and variation in evolution, Proc. nat. acad. scu. 46, 494-506.

Cleghorn M. L., 1913. Notes on the pollination of Colocasia antiquorum, J. proc. as. soc. Bengal, 18, 571.

Clements F. E., Long F. L., 1923. Experimental pollination, Carnegie inst. Wash. Publ. 336.

Clifford H. T., 1962. Insect pollinators of Plantago lanceolata L., Nature, 193, 196.

Cockrum E. L., Hayward B. J., 1962. Hummingbird bats, Nat. hist., 71, 8, 38-43.

Сое H. J., Isaac F. M., 1965. Pollination of the Baobab (Adansonia digitata.) by the lesser bush baby (Galego crassicaudatutn E. Geoffroy), E. Afr. Wildl. J., 3, 123-124.

Collins F. C., Lenmargkol V., Jones J. P., 1973. Pollen storage of certain agronomic species in liquid air, Crop sci. 13, 493-494. Quoted from Biol. Abstr., 57, 5892.

Collison С. H., Martens E. C., 1979. Behaviour of honeybees foraging on male and female flowers of Cucumis sativus, J. apicult. res., 18, 184-190.

Colwell R. К., Betts В. J., Bunuel P. Carpenter F. L., Feinsinger P., 1974. Competition for the nectar of Centropogon valerii by the hummingbird Colibri thalassinus and the flower-piercer Diglossa plumbea, and its evolutionary implications, Condor, 76, 447-452.

Condit I. J., 1974. The fig, Chronika botanika (Waltham, Mass.), 222 pp.

Corner E. J. H., 1964. The life of plants, Weidenfeld and Nichols, 315 pp.

Correns C., 1891. Zur Biologie und Anatomie der Salvienblüte, Jahrb. wiss. Bot., 22, 190-237.

Correvon H., Pouyanne M., 1916. Un curieux cas de mimétisme chez les Orchidees, J. soc. nat. d'hortic, France, 29, 23-84.

Cramer J. M., Meeuse A. D. J., Teunissen P. A., 1975. A note on the pollination of nocturnally flowering species of Nymphaea, Acta bot. neerl. 24, 489-490.

Crepet W. L., 1972. Investigation of North American cycadeoids: Pollination mechanisms in Cycadeoidea, Am. J. bot., 59, 1048-1056.

Crepet W. L., 1979a. Some aspects of the pollination biology of Middle Eocene angiosperms, Rev. palaeobot. palynol., 27, 213-238.

Crepet W. L., 1979b. Insect pollination: a palaeobotanical perspective, Bioscience, 29, 102-108.

Crepet W L., Dilcher D. L., Potter T. W., 1974. Eocene angiosperm flowers, Schience, 781-782.

Cruden R. W., 1972a. Pollination biology of Nemophilia menziesii with comments on the evolution of oligolectic bees, Evolution, 26, 373-389.

Cruden R. W., 1972b. Pollination in high-elevation ecosystems: relative effectiveness of birds and bees, Science, 176, 1438-1440.

Cruden R. W., 1976. Intraspecific variation in pollen - ovule ratios and nectar secretion, Ann. Mo. bot. gard., 68, 247-289.

Cruden A. W., Herrmann-Parker S. M., 1979. Butterfly pollination of Caesalpinia pulcherrima with observations on a psychophilous syndrome, J. ecol. 67, 155-168.

Cumber R. A., 1953. Some aspects of the biology and ecology of bumblebees bearing upon the yields of red-clower seed in New Zealand, N. Z. J. sci. technol., Ser. В 34, 217-240.

Dafni A., Ivri Y., 1980. Deceptive pollination syndromes in some orchids in Israel, Acta bot. neerl., 29, 55.

Dahl E., Hadác E., 1940. Maur som blomsterbesovere, Mytt mag. naturv. 81, 46-48.

Darwin C., 1876. The effects of cross-and self-fertilization in the vegetable kingdom, London, 482 pp.

Darwin C., 1877. The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, London, 352 pp.

Darwin C., 1890. The various contrivances by which orchids are fertilized by insects, 2nd edn, London, 300 pp. (1st edn, 1862).

Darwin F., 1877. On the glandular bodies on Acacia sphaerocephala and Cecropia peltata serving as food for ants. With an appendix on the nectar-glands of the common brake fern, Pteris aquilina, J. Lina. soc. Botany, 15, 398-408.

Daumann E., 1930a. Nectarien und Bienenbesuch bei Opuntia monocantha Hav. Biol. gen. 6, 353-375.

Daumann E., 1930b. Nektarabscheidung in der Blütenregion einiger Araceen, Planta, 12, 38-48,.

Daumann E., 1932. Uber postflorale Nektarabscheidung, Beih. bot. Zentralbl., 49, 1, 720-734.

Daumann E., 1935. Die systematische Bedeutung des Blütennectariums der Gattung Iris, Beih. bot. Zentralbl., 53B, 525-625.

Daumann E., 1941. Die anbohrbaren Gewebe und rudimentären Nektarien in der Blütenregion, Beih. bot. Zentralbl., 61A (1942), 12-82.

Daumann E., 1960. On the pollination ecology of Parnassia flowers. A new contribution to the experimental flower ecology., Biol. plant., 2, 113-125.

Daumann E., 1963. Zur Frage nach dem Ursprung der Hydrogamie, zugleich ein Beitrag zue Blütenökologie von Potamogeton, Preslia, 35, 23-30.

Daumann E., 1966. Pollenkitt, Bestäubungsart und Phylogenie, Novit. bot. univ. carol, pragensis, 1966, 19-28.

Daumann E., 1967. Zur Blütenmorphologie und Bestäubungsökologie von Veratrum album ssp. lobelianum (Bernh). Rchb., Osterr. bot. Z., 114, 134-148.

Daumann E., 1968. Zur Bestäubungsökologie von Cypripedium calceolus L., Österr. bot. Z., 115, 434-446.

Daumann E., 1970a. Zur Frage nach der Bestäubung durch Regen (Ombrogamie), Preslia, 42, 220-224.

Daumann E., 1970b. Zur Blütenokologie von Digitalis, Preslia, 42, 317-329.

Daumann E., 1971. Zum Problem der Täuschblumen, Preslia, 43, 304-317.

Daumer K., 1958. Blumenfarben, wie sie die Bienen sehen, Z. vergl. physiol., 41, 49-110.

Davis P. H., Heywood V. H., 1963. Principles of angiosperm taxonomy, Oliver Boyd (London), 556 pp.

Degener O., 1945. Plants of Hawaii national perk, Degener (Oahu), 314 pp.

Delevoryas Т., 1968. Investigations of North American cycadeoids: structure, ontogeny, and phylogenetic consideration of cones of Cycadeoidea, Palaeontographica, 121B, 122-133.

Delpino F., 1868-1875. Ulteriori osservazione sulla dicogamia nel regno vegetale, I-II, Att. soc. ital. sci. nat. Milano, 11-12.

Dement W. A., Raven P. H., 1974. Pigments responsible for ultraviolet patterns in flowers of Oentohera (Onagraceae), Nature, 225, 705-706.

Demianowicz Z., 1964. Charachteristik der Einartenhonige, Ann. Abeille, 7, 273-288.

Dessart P., 1961. Contribution a l'étude des Ceratopogonoidae (Diptera), Bull, agric. Congo beige, 52, 525-540.

Devreux M., Malingraux C., 1960. Pollen de Elaeis guineesis, Bull. agric. Congo beige, 51, . 543-566.

Diels L., 1916. Käferblumen bei den Ranales und ihre Bedeutung für die Phylogenese der Angiospermen, Ber. dtsch. bot. Ges., 34, 758-774.

Dilcher D. L., 1979. Early angiosperm reproduction: an introductory report, Rev. palaeobot. palynol, 27, 291-328.

Docters van Leeuwen W. M., 1929. Mierenepiphyten II, De trop. nat., 18, 131-135; Ber. dtsch. bot. Ges., 47, 50-99.

Docters van Leeuwen W. M., 1931. Vogelbesuch an den Blüten von einigen Erythrina-Arten auf Jawa, Ann. jard. bot. Buitenz., 42, 57-95.

Docters van Leeuwen W. M., 1933. Biology of plants and animals occuring in the higher parts of Mount Pangrango-Gedeh in West Java, Verh. Ak. wet. Amst. afd. natuurk, 31, 1-278.

Docters van Leeuwen W. M., 1954. On the biology of some Javanese Loranthaceae and the role dirds play in their life-history, Beaufortia, 4, 102-207.

Dodson С. H., 1975. Coevolution of orchids and bees, In: Gilbert and Raven, 91-97.

Dodson C. H., Dressier R. L., Hills H. G., Adams R. M., Williams N. H., 1964. Biologically active components in orchid fragrances, Science, 164, 1243-1249.

Dodson С. H., Frymire G. P., 1961a. Preliminary studies in the genus Stanhopea, Ann. Mo. bot. gard., 48, 137-171.

Dodson С. H., Frymire G. P., 1961b. Natural pollination of orchids, Ann. Mo. bot. gard., 49, 133-139.

Dormer K. J., 1960. The truth about pollination in Arum, New phytol., 59, 209-281.

Dorr J., Martin E. C., 1966. Pollination studies on highbush blueberry Vaccinium corymbosum, Mich. agr. exp. sta. quart, bull., 48, 427-448.

Douglas G. E., 1957. The inferior ovary, Bot. rev., 23, 1-46.

Doull K. M., 1973. Relationships between pollen, broodrearing and consumption of pollen supplements by honeybees, Apidologie, 4, 285-293.

Downes J. A., 1971. The evolution of blood-sucking diptera: an evolutionary perspective, In: A. M. Tallin (ed.), Ecology and physiology of diptera, A symposium, Toronto Univ. Press.

Downes J. A., 1974. The feeding habits of adult chironomidae, Ent. tidskr., 95 Suppl., 84-90.

Doyle J. D., 1945. Developmental lines in pollination mechanisms in the Coniferales, Sci. proc. R. Dublin soc., N. S., 24, 43-62.

Doyle J. D., Kam A., 1944. Pollination in Tsuga pattoniana and in species of Abies and Picea, Sci. proc. R. Dublin soc., N. S., 23, 57-70.

Dressier R. L., 1957. The genus Pedilanthus (Euphorbiaceae), Contr. Gray herb. Havard univ., 182 pp.

Dressier R. L., 1970. How to study orchid pollination without any orchids, Am. J. bot., 57, 749.

Dressier R. L., 1971. Dark pollinia in hummingbird-pollinated orchids, or do hummingsbirds suffer from strabismus, Am. nat., 105, 80-82.

Ducker S. С., Knox R. В., 1976. Submarine pollination in seagrasses, Nature, 263, 705-706.

Ducker S. C., Pettit J. M., Knox R. В., 1978. Biology of Australian seagrasses: Pollen development and submarine pollination in Amphibolis antarctica and Thalassiodendron ciliatum (Cymodoceaceae), Austral. J. bot., 26, 265-285.

Dufay C., 1961. Etude de phototropisme des Noctuides (Lepidopt.) R éactions de Noctua pronuba L. en presence de deux sources lumineuses de mème intensité, C. r. Paris, 252, 1866-1869.

Dvorak F., 1968. A contribution to the study of the variability of the nectaries, Preslia, 40, 13-17.

Dyakowska J., Zurzycki J., 1959. Gravimetric studies on pollen, Bull. acad. pol. sci. Cl. II, Sér. sci. biol., 7, 11-16.

Ebbels L., 1969. Pollination of Puya chilensis by Turdus merula in the Isles of Scilly, Ibis, III, 615.

Ehrlich P. R., Gilbert L. E., 1973. Population structure and dynamics of the tropical butterfly Heliconus ethilla, Biotropica, 5, 69-82.

Eisikowitch D., Galil J., 1971. Effect of wind on the pollianation of Pancratium maritimum L. (Amaryllidaceae) by hawkmoths (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae), J. anim. ecol., 40, 673-678.

Eisikowitch D., Woodell S. R. J., 1975. The effect of water on pollen germination in two species of Primula, Evolution, 28, 692-694.

Eisner Т., Silbergeld R. E., Aueshansky D., Carrel J. E., Howland H. C., 1969. Ultra-violet video-viewing: the television camera as an insect eye, Science, 166, 1172-1174.

Elias T. S., 1972. Morphology and anatomy of foliar nectaries of Pithecellobium macradenium (Leguminosae), Bot. gaz., 133, 38-42.

Elias T. S., Gelband H., 1975. Nectar: its production and function in Trumpet Creeper, Science, 189, 289-291.

Elias T. S., Rozich W. R., Newcombe L., 1975. The foliar and floral nectaries of Turnera ulmifolia, Am. J. bot., 62, 570-576.

Elliot G. F. Scott, 1890. Ornithophilous flowers in South Africa, Ann. bot., 4, 265-280.

Elvers I., 1978. The Madeiran lizard-flower connection observed in a natural habitat, Bot. not., 131, 159-160.

Elvers I., 1980. Pollen eating Trichops flies (Diptera Muscidae) on Arrhenatherum pubescens and some other grasses, Bot. not., 133, 49-52.

Endress P. K., 1979. Non-carpellary pollination and "hyperstigma" in an angiosperm (Tambourissa relogiosa Monimiaceae), Experientia, 35, 45.

Endress F. K., 1980. Ontogeny, function and evolution of extreme floral construction in Monimiaceae, Plant syst. evol., 134, 79-120.

Ernst A., 1953. Primärer und sekundärer Blütenmonomorphismus dei Primeln, Österr. bot. Z., 100, 235-255.

Ernst A., 1955. Self-tertility in monomorphic primulas, Genetica, 27, 391-448.

Ernst-Schwarzenbach M., 1945. Zur Blütenbiologie einiger Hydrocharitaccen, Ber. schweiz. bot. Ges., 55, 33 - 69.

Essig B. F., 1971. Observations on pollination in Bactris, Principes, 15, 20-24.

Essig B. F., 1973. Pollination in some New Guinea palms, Principes, 17, 75-83.

Estes J. A., Thorp R. W., 1975. Pollination ecology of Pyrrhopappus carolinianus (Compositae), Am. J. bot., 62, 148-159.

Fægri K., 1962. Palynological studies in a bumblebee nest, Veröff. geobot. Inst. Rübel Zürich, 37, 60-67.

Fægri K., 1965. Reflections on the development of pollination systems in African Proteaceae, J. S. Afr. bot., 31, 133-136.

Fægri K., 1974. Major ecological steps in the development of plant life, First silver jubilee lecture, Birbal Sahni inst. palaeobot. Lucknow (1973), 10 pp.

Fægri K., 1980. The problem of polyphyletic origin with special reference to angiosperms, Taxon.

Fægri K., Iversen J., 1975. Textbook of pollen analysis, 3rd edn., Munksgaard (København), 296 pp.

Fahn A., 1979. Ulytrastructure of nectaries in relation to nectar secretion, Am. J. bot., 66, 977-985.

Fechner G. H., Funsch R. W., 1966. Germination of blue spruce and ponderosa pine pollen after 11 years storage at 0° to 4°C, Silvae genet., 15, 164-166.

Feinsinger P., Swarm L. A., 1978. How common are ant-repellent nectars, Biotropica, 10, 238-239.

Ford H. A., Forde N., 1976. Birds as possible pollinators of Acacia pycnantha, Aust. J. bot., 24, 793-795.

Fordham F., 1946. Pollination of Calochilus campestris, Vict, nat., 62, 199-201.

Fossel A., 1967. Der Trachtwert von Polygala chamaebuxus, Ann. l'abeille, 10, 97-102.

François J., 1964. Observations sur l'héterostylie chez Eichhornia crassipes, Bull. K. acad. overz. wet., 3, 501-519.

Frankie G. W., 1975. Tropical forest phenology and pollinator plant evolution, In: Gilbert and Raven, 1975, 192-209.

Frankie G. W., 1976. Pollination of widely dispersed tropical trees by animals in Central America, with an emphasis on bee pollination, In: Bailey J. and В. T. Stiles (Eds.), Varieties, breeding and conservation of tropical forest trees, Academic Press (New York).

Frankie G. W., Vinson S. В., 1977. Scent marking of passionflowers in Texas by females of Xylocopa virginica texana, J. Kansas entomol. soc., 50, 613-4325.

Frankie G. W., Coville R., 1979. An experiment on the foraging behavior of selected solitary bee species in the Costa Rica dry forest, J. Kansas entomol. soc., 52, 592-602.

Free J. В., 1962a. Studies on the pollination of fruit trees by honeybees, J. R. hort. soc., 87, 302-309.

Free J. В., 1962b. The behaviour of honeybees visiting field beans (Vicia faba), J. anim. ecol., 31, 497-502.

Free J. В., 1966. The foraging behaviour of bees and its effects on the isolation and speciation of vascular plants, Bot. soc. Brit. Isles conf. rep. 1965, 76-91.

Free J. В., 1968. Dandelion as a competitor to fruit trees for bee visits, J. appl. ecol., 5, 169-178.

Free J. В., 1970. Insect pollination of crops, Academic Press (New York), 544 pp.

Free J. В., Williams I. H., 1972. The transport of pollen on the body of honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) and bumblebees (Bombus spp. L.), J. appl. ecol., 9, 609-615.

Free J. В., Williams I. H., 1973. Genetic determination of honeybee (Apis mellifica) foraging preferences, Ann. appl. biol., 73, 137-141.

Frey-Wyssling A., Häusermann E., 1960. Deutung der gestaltlosen Nektarien, Ber. Schweiz. bot. Ges., 70, 150-162.

Fries R. E., 1903, 1904. Beiträge zur Kentnis der Ornithophilie in der südamerikanischen Flora, Ark. bot., 1, 384-440.

Frisch К. von, 1914. Der Farbensinn und Formensinn der Biene, Zool. Jahrb. Abt. allg. Physiol. Tiere, 35, 1-182.

Frisch K. von, 1923, 1924. Über die "Sprache" der Bienen, Zool. Jahrb. Abt. allg. Zool., 40, 1-186.

Frisch K. von, 1950. Bees, Cornell Univ. Press.

Froman I., 1944. De senkvartära strandförskjutningarna som växtgeografisk faktor til belysning av murgrönans geografi i Skandinavien-Baltikum, Geol. for. Stockh. förh, 66, 655-681.

Frvxell P. G., 1957. Mode of reproduction of higher plants, Bot. Rev. 23, 135-233.

Fuchs G. V., 1975. Die Gewinnung von Pollen und Nektar bei Käfern, Nat. Mus. 104, 45-54.

Gabriel W. J., 1968. Dichogamy in Acer saccharum, Bot. gaz., 129, 334-338.

Galil J., 1973a. Topocentric and ethodynamic pollination, in: Brantjes and Linskens, 1973, 85-100.

Galil J., 1973b. Pollination in dioecious figs. Pollination of Ficus fistulosa by Ceratosolen hewitti, Gard. bull., 26, 303-311.

Galil J., Eisikowitch D., 1969. Further study in the pollination ecology of Ficus sycomorus L., Tijds, entomol., 112, 1-13.

Galil J., Eisikowitch D., 1973. Further studies on pollination ecology in Ficus sycomorus. II: Pocket filling and emptying by Ceratosolen arabicus Mayr, New phytol., 73, 515-520.

Galil J., Ramirez W., Eisikowitch D., 1973. Pollination of Ficus costaricana and F. hemsleyana by Blastophaga esterae and B. Tonduzi in Costa Rica (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Agaonidae), Tijds., entomol., 116, 175-183.

Galil J., Zeroni M., 1967. On the pollination of Zizyphus spina-christi in Israel, Israel J. bot., 16, 71-77.

Galil J., Zeroni M., Bar Shalom (Bogoslavsky), 1973. Carbon dioxide and ethylene effects in the coordination between the pollinator Blastophaga quadraticeps and the syconium in Ficus religiosa, New phytol., 72, 1113-1127.

Ganders F. R., 1975. Heterostyly, homostyly, and fecundity in Amsinckia spectabilis (Boraginaceae), Madrono, 23, 56-62.

Geisler G., Steche W., 1962. Natürliche Trachten als Ursache für Vergiftungserscheinungen bei Bienen und Hummeln, Z. Bienenforsch., 6, 72-99.

Gilbert L. E., 1972. Pollen feeding and reproductive biology of Heliconius butterflies, Proc. nat. acad. sci., 69, 1403-1407.

Gilbert L. E., Raven P., 1975. Coevolution of animals and plants, Univ. Texas Press, (Austin), 246 pp.

Gill F. A., Conway С. В., 1979. Floral biology of Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R. Br. (Labiatae), Proc. ac. nat. sci. Philadelphia, 131, 244-256.

Glauert L., 1958. The honey mouse, Aust. mus. mag., 12, 284-286.

Gleditsch J. G., 1751. Von Datteln, welche auf eine merkwürdige Art reif geworden, Physical. Belustigungen, 2, 81-96.

Goebel K., 1924. Die Entfaltungsbewegungen der Pflanzen, 2nd edn., Fischer (Jena).

Good R. K., Saini S. S., 1971. Pollination studies in Likoperswum esculentum Mill., Himachal. J. agric. res. 1, 65-70. Quoted from Biol, abstr., 54, 8113.

Goot V. S. van der, Grabandt R. A. J., 1970. Some species of the generae Malastomum, Platycheirus and Pryophaene (Diptera, Syrphidae) and their relation to flowers, Entomol. Ber., 30, 135-143.

Gottsberger G., 1967, 1972. Blütenbiologische Beobachtungen an brasilianischen Malvaceen. (I)-II, Österr. bot. Z., 114, 349-378; 120, 439-509.

Gottsberger G., 1970. Beitr äge zur Biologie von Annonaceen-Blüten, Österr. bot. Z., 118, 237-279.

Gottsberger G., 1971. Colour change of petals in Malva-viscus arboreus flowers, Acta bot. neerl., 20, 381-388.

Gottsberger G., 1974. The structure and function of the primitive Angiosperm flower, Acta bot. neerl., 23, 461-471.

Gottsberger G., Schrauwen J., Linskens H. F., 1973. Die Zucker-Bestandteile des Nektars einiger tropischen Blüten, Port. act. biol. Ser. A, 13, 1-8.

Gourlay W. G., 1950. Puya alpestris in its native land, J. R. hort. soc., 75, 399-402.

Graenicher S., 1909. Wisconsin flowers their pollination, Bull. Wis. hist. soc., 7, 19-77.

Grant K. A., 1966. A hypothesis concerning the prevalence of red coloration in California hummingbird flowers, Am. hat., 100, 85-98.

Grant K. A., Grant V., 1964. Mechanical isolation of Salvia apiana and Salvia mellifera, Evolution, 18, 197-212.

Grant K. A., Grant V., 1965. Flower pollination in the Phlox family, Columbia Univ. Press (New York), 180 pp.

Grant K. A., Grant V., 1968. Hummingbirds and their flowers, Columbia Univ. Press (New York), 115 pp.

Grant V., 1949a. Arthur Dobbs (1750) and the discovery of the pollination of flowers by insects, Bull. Torr. bot., 76, 217-219.

Grant V., 1949b. Pollination systems as isolating mechanisms in angiosperms, Evolution, 3, 82-97.

Grant V., 1950a. The protection of the ovules in flowering plants, Evolution, 4, 179-201.

Grant V., 1950b. The flower constancy of bees, Bot. rev., 16, 379-398.

Grant V., 1950c. The pollination of Calycanthus occidentalism Am. J. bot., 37, 291-297.

Grant V., 1952. Isolation and hybridization between Aquilegia formosa and A. pubescens, Aliso, 2, 341-359.

Grant V., 1955. Cross-fertilization, Encycl. am., 8, 230-234.

Grant V., 1963. The origin of adaptations, Columbia Univ. Press (New York), 606 pp.

Grant V., 1976. Isolation betveen Aquilegia formosa and A. pubescens: a reply and reconsideration, Evolution, 30, 625-628.

Greenewalt C. H., 1963. Photographing hummingsbirds ib Brazil, Nat. georg. mag., 123, 100-116.

Greenwood R. M., Atkinson I. A. E., 1977. Evolution of divaricating plants in New Zealand in relation to moa browsing, Proc. N. Z. ecol. soc., 24, 21-23.

Greogory D. P., 1963. Hawkmoth pollination in the genus Oenothera, Aliso, 5, 357-419.

Gregory P. H., 1957. Deposition of airborne Lycopodium spores on cylinders, Ann. appl. biol., 38, 357-376.

Гринфельд Э. К., 1959. The importance of nocturnal insects in sunflower pollination, Agrobiologiya, 4, 634-635.

Гринфельд Э. К., Issi I. К., 1958. The role of beetles in plant pollination Uch. zap. Leningr. gos. univ., 240, 148-150.

Grout A. J., 1926. Spore dispersal in Sphagnum, Bryologist, 29, 55.

Gubin A., 1936. Bestaubung und Erhöhung der Samenernte bei Rotklee (Trifolium pratense) mit Hilfe der Bienen, Arch. Bienen, 17, 209-269.

Haas A., 1952. Die Mandibeldrüse als Duftorgan bei einigen Hymenopteren, Naturwissenschaften, 39, 20.

Haeger J. S., 1955. The non-blood feeding habits of Aedes taeniorhynchus (Diptera: Culcidae) on Sanibel Island. Florida, Mosq. news, 15, 21-26.

Hagerup E., Hagerup О., 1953. Thrips pollination of Erica tetralix, New phytol., 52, 1-7.

Hagerup O., 1932. On pollination in the extremely hot air at Timbuctu, Dan. bot. ark., 8, 1, 20 pp.

Hagerup О., 1943. Myre-bestøvning, Bot. tidsskr., 46, 116-123.

Hagerup O., 1950a. Thips pollination in Galluna, K. dan vidensk. selsk. Biol. medd., 18, 4.

Hagerup O., 1950b. Rain-pollination, K. dan. vidensk. selsk. Biol. medd. 18, 5, 19 pp.

Hagerup О., 1951. Pollination in the Faroes - in spite of rain and poverty in insects, K. dan. vidensk. selsk. Biol. medd., 18, 15, 78 pp.

Hagerup O., 1952. The morphology and biology of some primitive orchid flowers, Phytomorphology, 2, 134-138.

Hagerup O., 1954. Autogamy in some drooping Bicomes flowers, Bot. tidsskr., 51, 103-106.

Hagerup O., Peterson V., 1956. Botaniks atlas, Munksgaard (København).

Halket A. C., 1936. Bud pollination and self-fertilization in Melandrium noctiflorum Fries, J. bot., 74, 310-316.

Hallermeier M., 1922. Ist das Hangen der Blüten eine Schutzeinrichtung? Flora, 115, 75-101.

Hanson С. H., Campbell T. A., 1972. Vacuum-dried pollen of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) - viable after eleven years, Crop. sci. 12, 874. Quoted from Biol, abstr., 55, 40892.

Harris J. A., 1914. On a chemical peculiarity of the dimorphic anthers of Lagerstroemia indica, Ann. bot., 28, 499-506.

Harris Т. M., 1956. The investigation of a fossil plant, Proc. R. instn. 36 (136), 1-11.

Harrison C. R., Arditti J., 1976. Post-pollination phenomena in orchid flowers. VII: Phosphate movement among floral segments, Am. J. bot. 63, 911-918.

Hartog C. den, 1964. Over de oecologie van bloeiende Lemna trisulca, Gorteria, 2, 68-72.

Haskell G., 1943. Spatial isolation of seed crops, Nature, 152, 591-592.

Haskell G., 1954. Correlated responses to phylogenetic selection in animals and plants, Am. nat., 88, 5-20.

Haslerud H.-D., 1974. Pollination of some Ericaceae in Norway, Nor. J. bot. 21, 211-216.

Haumann-Merck L., 1912. Observations éthologiques et systématiques sur deux espèces argentines du genre Elodea, Rec. Inst. bot. Leo Errera, 9, 33-39.

Hawkins R. P., 1961. Observations on the pollination of red clover by bees. I: The yield of seeds in relation to the number and kinds of pollinators, Ann. appl. biol., 49, 55-65.

Hayase H., 1963. Cucurbita crosses. XV Flower pollination at 4 a. m. in the production of С. pepo x C. moschata hybrids, Jap. J. breed., 3, 76-89.

Hedberg O., 1964. Features of afro-alpine plant ecology, Acta phytogeogr. sue., 49.

Hedge I., 1960. Two remarkable new Salvias from Afganistan, Notes R. bot. gard., 23, 163-166.

Heide F. F. R., 1923. Biologische underzoekingen bij landbouwgewassen. I: Meded. alg. proefstat. landb. Buitenzorg, 14, 46 pp.

Heide F. F. R., 1927. Observation on the pollination of some flowers in the Dutch East Indies, Dan. bot. ark., 5, 1-24.

Heinrich В., 1972. Energetics of temperature regulation and foraging in a bumblebee, Bombus terricola Kirby, J. comp. physiol., 77, 49-64.

Heinrich В., 1973. The energetics of the bumblebee, Sci. Am., 228, 96-102.

Heinrich В., 1975. Energetics of pollination, Ann. rev. ecol. syst., 6, 139-170.

Heinrich В., 1976. The foraging specializations of individual bumblebees, Ecol. monogr. 46, 105-128.

Heinrich В., 1979. "Majoring" and "minoring" by foraging bumblebees, Bombus vagans: an experimental analysis, Ecology, 60, 245-255.

Heinrich В., Raven P. H., 1972. Energetics and pollination ecology, Science, 176, 597-602.

Heiser С. В., 1962. Some observations on pollination and compatibility in Magnolia, Proc. Indiana acad. sci., 72, 259-266.

Heithaus E. R., Opler P. A., Baker H. G., 1974. Bat activity and pollination of Bauhinia pauletii: Plant-pollinator coevolution, Ecology, 55, 412-419.

Hendryck R., 1953. Zur Frage der phylogenetischen Bedeutung der Gnetinae, Preslia, 25, 111-134.

Heslop-Harrison J., 1958. Ecological variation and ethological isolation, Uppsala univ. arsskr., 6, 150-158.

Heslop-Harrison J., 1959. Apomixis, environment, and adaptation, Presented biosyst. symp. IX bot. congr. Montreal, 1959, Mimeographed.

Heslop-Harrison J., 1963. Sex expression in flowering plants, In Meristerns and differentiation, Brookhaven symp. biol., 16, 109-124.

Heslop-Harrison J., 1975. Male gametophyte selection and the pollen-stigma interaction, in: Mulcahy, 1975, pp. 177-190.

Haslop-Harrison J., 1979. An interpretation of the hudrodynamics of pollen, Am. J. bot., 66, 737-743.

Heslop-Harrison J., Heslop-Harrison Y., 1975. Enzymic removal of the proteinaceous pellicle of the stigma prevents pollen tube entry in the Caryophyllaceae, Ann. bot., 39, 163-165.

Hesse M., 1979. Entwicklungsgeschichte und Ultrastructur von Pollenkitt und Exine bei nahe verwandten entomophilen und anemophilen Sippen der Oleaceae, Scrophulariaceae, Plantaginaceae und Asteraceae, Plant syst. evol., 132, 101-139.

Hesse M., 1980. Zur Frage der Anhaftung des Pollens an blütenbesuchenden Insecten mittels Pollenkitt und Viscinfaden, Pl. syst. ecol., 133, 135-148.

Hesselmann H., 1919. Iakttagelser över skogsträdpollens spridningsförmåga, Medd. statehs skogförsöksanst, 16.

Heusser С. E., 1912. Kunstmatige bestuiving bij den oliepalm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.), Teysmannia, 32, 434-445.

Heywood V. H. (ed.), 1973. Taxonomy and ecology, Academic Press (London), 370 pp.

Hickman J. C., 1974. Pollination by ants: a low-energy system, Science, 184, 1290-1292.

Hiepko P., 1966. Zur Morphologie, Anatomie und Funktion des Discus bei Paeoniaceae, Ber. dtsch. bot. Ges., 79, 233-245.

Hills H. G., 1972. Floral fragrances and isolating mechanisms in the genus Catasetum (Orchidaceae), Biotropica, 4, 61-76. Quoted from Biol. abstr., 56, 64898.

Hocking В., 1968. Insect-flower associations in the high Arctic with special reference to nectar, Oikos, 19, 359-387.

Hocking В., Sharplin C. D., 1965. Flower basking by arctic insects, Nature, 206, 215.

Holm E., 1978. Flowers adaptad to animal pollination, W. Austral, nat., 14, 71-74.

Horovitz A., 1976. Edaphic factors and flower colour distribution in the Anemoneae (Ranunculaceae), Plant, syst. evol., 126, 239-242.

Horovitz A., Galil J., Zohary D., 1975. Biological flora of Israel. 6. Anemone coronaria L., Israel J. bot., 24, 26-41.

Howell D. J., 1974. Bats and pollen: physiological aspects of the syndrome of chiropterophily, Comp. bioch. physiol. А. Comp. physiol., 48, 263-276.

Howell D. J., 1976. Plant-loving bats, bat-loving plants, Nat. hist., 85, 52-59.

Hubbard H. G., 1895. Insect fertilization of an aroid plant, Insect life, 7, 340-345.

Huber H., 1956. Die Abhängigkeit der Nektarsekretion von Temperatur, Luftund Bodenfeuchtigkeit, Planta, 48, 47-98.

Hurd P. D. jr. Linsley E. A., 1963. Pollination of the unicorn plant (Martyniaceae) by an oligolectic, corolla-cutting bee (Hymenoptera: Apoidea), J. Kans. entomol. soc., 36, 248-252.

Hurd P. D. jr., Linsley E. A., Michelbucher А. E., 1974. Ecology of the squash and gourd bee, Peponapis pruinosa, on cultivated cucurbits in California (Hymenoptera: Apoidea), Smiths, contrib. zool., 168, 17 pp.

Hurd P. D., Linsley E. A., Whitaker T. W., 1971. Squash and gourd bees (Peponapis, Xenoglossa) and the origin of the cultivated cucurbits, Evolution, 25, 218-234.

Huth H.-H., Burkhardt D., 1972. Der spektrale Sehbereich eines Violettohr- Kolibris, Naturwissenschaften, 59, 650.

Hyman S. E., 1960. Some surrealist botany, Texas quart. 3, 113-127.

Ilse D., 1938. Über den Farbensinn der Tagfalter, Z. vergl. Physiol. 8, 658-692.

Ingold С. Т., 1971. Fungal spores, their liberation and dispersal, Oxford Univ. Press, 302 pp.

Ingram C., 1930. Gladiolus aestivalis, Card. chron., Ser. III, 88.

Ingram C., 1967. The phenomenal behaviour of a South African Gladiolus, J. R. hort. soc., 92, 396-398.

Iversen J., 1940. Blütenbiologische Studien. I: Dimorphie und Monomorphie bei Armeria, K. dan. vidensk. selsk. Biol. medd., 15, 8.

Ivri Y., Dafni A., 1977. The pollination ecology of Epipactis consimilis Don (Orchidaceae) in Israel, New phytol., 79, 173-177.

Iwanamy Y., 1973. Accelarating of the growth of Camellia sasanqua pollen by soaking in organic solvents, Plant physiol., 52, 508-509.

Iwarsson M., 1979. Pollen from bills of African sunbirds (Nectariinidae), Bot. not., 131, 349-355.

Iyengar M. О. P., 1923. Two instances of short-cuts by animals to nectaries, J. Ind. bot. soc., 2, 85-88.

Jaeger P., 1954. Les aspects actuels de probleme de la cheiropterogamie, Bull. inst. fr. Afr. noire, 16, 796-821.

Janzen D. H., 1966. Coevolution of mutualism between ants and acacias in Central America, Evolution, 20, 249-275.

Janzen D. H., 1971. Euglossine bees as long-distance pollinators of tropical plants, Science, 171, 203-205.

Janzen С. H., Terborgh J. W., 1979. Primates as pollinating agents in the Amazonian forest, Biotropica (in press).

Jrirgensen H., 1919. The pollination of Asclepias cornuta, Dan. bot. ark., 2, 19 pp.

Johow F., 1900, 1901. Zur Bestäubungsbiologie chilenischer Blüten, Verh. dtsch. wiss. Ver. Santiago, 3, 1-22; 4, 345-424.

Johri В. M., 1971. Differentiation in plant tissue cultures, Proc. 58 Ind. sci. congr. II. Pres. addr. Botany.

Jones С. E. jr., Rich P. V., 1972. Ornithophily and extrafloral color patterns in Columnea florida Morton (Gesneriaceae), Bull. S. Calif. acad. sci., 71, 113-116.

Jong P. C. de, L976. Flowering and sex expession in Acer L., Meded. land- bouwhoogesch. Wageningen, 76, 2, 201 pp.

Jost L., 1907. Über die Selbststerilität einiger Blüten, Bot. Ztg., 65, 77.

Judd W. W., 1971. Wasps (Vespidae) pollinating helleborine, Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz, at Owen Sound, Ontario, Proc. entomol. soc. Ont. 102, 115-118.

Kaplan S. M., Mulcahy D. L., 1971. Mode of pollination and floral sexuality in Thalictrum, Evolution, 25, 659-668.

Kaptur S., 1979. Facultative mutualism between weedy vetches bearing extrafloral nectaries and weedy ants in California, Am. J. bot., 66, 1016-1020.

Karr J. R., 1976. An association between a grass (Paspalum virgatum) and moths, Biotropica, 8, 284-285.

Kaufmann Т., 1973. Biology and ecology of Tysora tessmannii (Homoptera, Psyllidae) with special reference to its role as pollinator in cocoa in Ghana, W. Africa, J. Kans. entomol. soc., 46, 285-293.

Kaul R. В., 1970. Evolution and adaptation of inflorescences in the Hydrocharitaceae, Am. J. bot., 57, 708-716.

Kauta K., 1960. Intra-ovarian pollination in Papaver rhoeas L., Nature, 188, 683-684.

Kay G., 1978. The role of preferential and assortative pollination in the maintenance of flower colour polymorphism, in: Richards, 1978, 175-190.

Kendall D. A., Solomon M. E., 1973. Quantities of pollen on the bodies of insects visiting apple blossoms, J. appl. ecol., 10, 627-634.

Kennedy H., 1973. Notes on Central American Maranthaceae. I: New Species and records from Costa Rica, Ann. Mo. bot. gard., 60, 413-426.

Kerner A., 1873. Die Schutzmittel des Pollens gegen die Nachteile vorzeitiger Dislocation and gegen die Nachteile vorzeitiger Befeuchtung, Ber. Naturwiss. - med. Ver. Innsbruck, 2-3.

Kerner von Marilaun A., 1898. Pflanzenleben II, 2nd edn., Berlin-Wien.

Kerr К. E., 1960. Evolution of communication in bees and its role in speciation, Evolution, 14, 386-387.

Kevan P. G., 1972. Insect pollination of high arctic flowers, J. ecol., 60, 831-847.

Kevan P., 1975. Sun-tracking solar furnaces in High Arctic flowers: significance for pollen and insects, Science, 189, 723-726.

Khan S. A. R., 1929. Pollination and fruit formation in lichi (Nephelium litchi), Agr. J. India, 24, 183-187.

Kho Y. A., Ba ër J., 1970. Die Fluorescensmikroskopie in der botanischen Forschung, Zeiss, inf., 18, 54-57.

Kikuchi T., 1962, 1964. Studies on the coaction among insects visiting flowers. I. VI., Sci. rep. Tohoku univ. 4 Ser. (Biol.), 28, 17-22; 30, 143-150.

Kinkaid Т., 1963. The ant plant, Orthocarpus pusillus, Trans. Am. micr. soc., 82, 101-105.

Kirchner O. von, 1925. Über die sogenannten Pollenblumen und die Ausbeutestoffe der Blüten, Flora, 118-119, 312-330.

Kislev M. E., Kavicz Z., Lorch J., 1972. A study of hawkmoth pollination by palynological analysis of the proboscis, Israel J. bot., 21, 57-75.

Knoch E., 1899. Untersuchungen über die Morphologie, Biologie und Physiologie der Blüte von Victoria regia, Biol. bot., 47, 60 pp.

Knoll E., 1921, 1926. Insekten und Blumen, Abh. zool. -bot. Ges. Wien, 12, 1-645.

Knoll F., 1923. Über die Lückenepidermis der Arum-Spatha, Österr. bot. Z., 72, 246-254.

Knoll F., 1930a. Über die Laubblattnektarien von Catalpa bignonbides und ihre Insektenbesuche, Biol. gen., 4, 541-570.

Knoll F., 1930b. Über Pollenkitt und Bestäubungsart, Z. Bot. 23, 609-675.

Knoll F., 1956. Die Biologie der Blüte, Springer (Berlin), 164 pp.

Knox R. В., Heslop-Harrison J., 1971. Pollen-wall proteins: Localization of antigenic and allergenic proteins in the pollen-grain walls of Ambosia spp. (ragweeds), Cytobios, 4, 49-54.

Knox R. В., Willems R. R., Ashford A. E., 1972. Role of pollen-wall proteins as recognition substances in interspecific incompatibility in poplars, Nature, 237, 381-383.

Knox R. В., Willing R. R., Pryor L. D., 1972. Interspecific hybridization in poplars using recognition pollen, Silvae genet., 21, 65-69.

Knuth P. (and Loew E.), 1895-1905. Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. I-III, 2. Engelmann (Leipzig), 2973 pp.

Koeman-Kwak M., 1973. The pollination of Pedicularis palustris by nectar thieves (short-tongued bumble-bees), Acta bot. neerl., 22, 608-615.

Koski V., 1970. A study of pollen dispersal as a mechanism of gene flow in conifers, Metsäntutkimuslaitoksen julkaisuja (Comm. inst. forest, fenn.), 70, 4. 78 pp.

Kraai A., 1962. How long do honeybees carry germinable pollen on them? Euphytica, 11, 53-56.

Kubitzki K., 1969. Pollendimorphie und Androdiözie bei Tetracera (Dilleniaceae), Naturwissenschaften, 56, 219-220.

Kugler H., 1930-1942. Blütenökologische Untersuchungen mit Hummeln. I., Planta, 10, 288-290; II. Ber. dtsch. bot. Ges., 49; III-X., Planta, 16, 19, 23, 25, 29, 32.

Kugler H., 1936. Die Ausnutzung der Saftmalsumfärbung bei den Rosskastanienblüten durch Bienen und Hummeln, Ber. dtsch. bot. Ges., 54, 394-400.

Kugler H., 1942. Hummelblumen. Ein Beitrag zum Problem der "Blumenklassen" auf experimenteller Grundlage, Ber. dtsch. bot. Ges., 60, 128, 134.

Kugler H., 1943. Hummeln als Blüten be sucher, Ergebn. biol., 19, 143-323.

Kugler H., 1955a. Zum Problem der Dipterenblumen, Österr. bot. Z., 102, 529-541.

Kugler H., 1955b, 1970. Einführung in der Blütenökologie, 1st edn., 2nd edn., Fischer (Stuttgart), 345 pp.

Kugler H., 1956. Über die optische Wirkung von Fliegenblumen auf Fliegen, Ber. dtsch. bot. Ges., 69, 387-398.

Kugler H., 1962. UV-Musterung auf Blüten und ihr Zustandekommen, Ber. dtsch. bot. Ges., 75, 49-54.

Kugler H., 1973. Zur Bestäbung von Scaevola plumieri (L.) Vahl und Ipomoea pes-caprae Sweet, zwei tropischer Strandpflanzen, Flora, 162, 381-391.

Kugler H., 1975. Die Verbreitung anemogamer Arten in Europa, Ber. dtsch. bot. Ges., 88, 441-450.

Kühn A., Pohl F., 1924. Zum Nachweis des Farbenunterscheidungsvermögens der Bienen, Naturwissenschaften, 12, 116-118.

Kullenberg В., 1950. Bidrag til k ännedomen om Ophrys-arternas blombiologi, Sven. bot. tidskr., 44, 446-464.

Kullenberg В., 1956a. On the scents and colours of Ophrys flowers and their specific pollinators among aculeate hymenoptera, Sven. bot. tidskr., 50, 25-46.

Kullenberg В., 1956b. Field experiments with chemical sexual attractants on aculeate hymenoptera males, Zool. bidr. Uppsala, 31, 253-254.

Kullenberg В., 1961. Studies in Ophrys pollination, Zool. bidr. Uppsala, 34, 1-340.

Kullenberg В., 1973a. Field experiments with chemical sexual attractants on aculeate hymenoptera males. II. In: Kullenberg and Stenhagen, 1973, 31-42.

Kullenberg В., 1973b. New observations on the pollination of Ophrys (Orchidaceae), In: Kullenberg and Stenhagen, 1973, 9-13.

Kullenberg В., Bergstrom G., 1976. The pollination of Ophrys orchids, Bot. not., 129, 11-19.

Kullenberg В., Bergstrom G., Bringer В., Carlberg В., Cederberg В., 1973. Observations on the scent marking by Bombus Latr. and Psithyrus Lep. males and localization of site of production of the secretion, In: Kullenberg and Stenhagen, 1973, 23-30.

Kullenberg В., Stenhagen E., 1973. The ecological station of Uppsala University on Öland, 1963-73, Zoon. Suppl. 1, 151 pp.

Laczynska-Hulewiczawa T., 1958. Badania nad samplodnoscia koniczny czervonez di-i-tretaploidalny, Ros. nauk. roln., Ser. A, 79, 157-160.

Lagerberg Т., Holmboe J., Nordhagen R., 1957. Våre ville planter. VI, I, Tanum (Oslo), 269 pp.

Lam H. J., 1961. Reflections on angiosperm phylogeny, K. ned akad. wet. Proc. Ser. C., 54, 251-276.

Lamprecht H., 1959. Der Artbegriff, seine Entwicklung und experimentelle Klarlegung, Agri hortique genet., 17, 105-264.

Lange J. H. de, Vincent A. P., Leeuw J. H. de, 1974. Pollination studies in Mimelo tangelo, Agroplantae, 5, 40-54. Quoted from Biol. abstr. 58, 49701.

Leach D. G., 1972. The ancient curse of the Rhododendron, Am. hortic., 51, 3, 20-29.

Leppik E. E., 1955. Dichromena ciliata, a noteworthy entomophilous plant among Cyperaceae, Am. J. bot., 42, 455-458.

Leppic E. E., 1957. A new system for classification of flower types, Taxon, 6, 64-67.

Leppic E. E., 1961. Phyllotaxis, anthotaxis and semataxis, Acta biotheor., 14, 1-28.

Lester E. W., Chadby C., 1965. Use of exogenous growth substances in promoting pollen tube growth and fertilization in barley-rye crosses, Can. J. genet. expt., 7, 511-518.

Levin D. A., 1968. The breeding system of Lithospermum carolinense: adaptation and counteradaptation, Am. nat., 102, 42-443.

Levin D. A., 1970. Reinforcement or reproductive isolation: plants versus animals, Am. nat., 104, 571-581.

Levin D. A., 1972a. The adaptedness of corolla-color variants in experimental and natural populations of Phlox drummondii, Am. nat., 106, 56-70.

Levin D. A., 1972b. Competition for pollinator service: a stimulus for the development of autogamy, Evolution, 26, 668-674.

Levin D. A., Anderson W. W., 1970. Competition for pollinators between simultaneously flowering species, Am. nat., 104, 455-467.

Levin D. A., Berube D. E., 1972. Phlox and Colias: the efficiency of the pollinator system, Evolution, 26, 242-250.

Levin D. A., Kersten H. W., 1973. Assortative pollination for stature in Lythrum salicaria, Evolution, 27, 144-152.

Levin D. A., Kersten H. W., Niedzlek M., 1971. Pollination flight directionality and its effect on pollen flow. Evolution, 25, 113-118.

Lewis D., 1955. Sexual incompatibility, Sci. prog., 172, 593-603.

Lex R. E., 1961. Pollen dimorphism in Tripogandra grandiflora, Baileya, 9, 53-56.

Lex Т., Duftmale an Blüten, Z. vergl. Physiol., 36, 212-234.

Li H.-L., 1948, 1949. A revision of the genus Pedicularis in China. I-II, Proc. acad. nat. sci. Phil., 100, 205-378, 101, 1-214.

Lindauer M., 1971. The functional significance of the honeybee waggle dance, Am. nat., 105, 89-96.

Lindman С. A. M., 1900. Die Blüteneinrichtungen einiger südamerikanischer Pflanzen. I Leguminosae, Bih. K. sven. vetensk. akad. forhandl. 27, III (1901-2), 14.

Linhart Y. В., 1973. Ecological nad behavioural determinants of pollen dispersal in hummingbird-pollinated Heliconia, Am. nat., 107, 511-523.

Linnaeus C., 1745. Carl Linnaei öländska och gothländska resa... förrattad ahr 1741, Stockholm/Uppsala 1745, 303 pp.

Linskens H. F., 1967. Inkompatibilität der Phanerogamen, Handb. Pflanzenphysiol., 18, Springer (Heidelberg).

Linskens H. F., 1975. The physiological basis of incompatibility in angiosperms, Biol. J. Linn soc. 7. Suppl., 1, 143-152.

Linskens H. F., Suren M. L., 1969. Die Entwicklung des Polliniums von Asclepias curassavica, Ber. dtsch. bot. Ges., 82, 527 - 534.

Linsley E. G., 1958. The ecology of solitary bees, Hilgardia, 27, 543-599.

Linsley E. G., 1962. Enthological adaptations of solitary bees for the pollination of desert plants, Meddel. 7 Sver. Fröodlareförb, 189-197.

Linsley E. G., MacSwain J. M., 1959. Ethology of some Ranunculus insects with emphasis on competition for pollen, Univ. Calif. publ. entomol., 16, 1.

Linsley E. G., MacSwain J. W., Raven P. H., Thorp R. W., 1963-1973. Comparative behavior of bees and Onagraceae. I-V, Univ. Calif, publ. entomol., 33, 1-98; 70, 1-84; 71, 1-67.

Linsley E. G., Rich С. M., Stephens S. G., 1966. Observations on the floral relationships of the Galapagos carpenter bee, Pan-pac. entomol., 42, 1-18.

Loew E., 1884. Beobachtungen über den Besuch von Insekten an Freilandpflanzen der botanischen Gärten zu Berlin, Jahrb. bot. Gart. Berlin, 3, 69-118, 253-296.

Loew E., 1895. Das Leben der Blüten, Dümmler (Berlin).

Lokoschus F. S., Keulart J. L. W., 1968. Eine weitere Funktion der Mandibeldrüse der Arbeiterinnen. Produktion eines Pollenkeimungsstoffes, Z. Bienenforsch., 9, 333-334.

Loper G. M., Waller G. D., 1970. Alfalfa flower aroma and flower selection among honeybees, Crop sci., 10, 66-68. Quoted from Shuel 1970 in Bee world, 51, 63-69.

Lorch J., 1966. The discovery of sexuality and fertilization in higher plants, Janus, 53; 212-235.

Lorougnon G., 1973. Le vecteur pollinique chez les Mapania et les Hypolytrum, cyperacees du sous-bois des forets tropicales ombrophiles, Bull. jard. bot. nat. Belg., 43, 33-36.

Louveaux J., 1960. Recherches sur la récolte du pollen par les abeilles, Ann. l'abeille, 3.

Luer C. A., Escober А. В., 1978. Nuevas combinaciones in Dracula, Oryadella, Masdevallia, Orquideologia, 13, 3-104.

Luttge U., 1960. Über die Zusammensetzung des Nectars und den Mechanismus seiner Sekretion. 1, Planta, 56, 189-212.

Luttge U., 1966. Funktion und Struktur der pflanzlichen Drüsen, - Naturwissenschaften, 53, 96-103.

Leken A., 1950. Bumblebees in relation to Aconitum septentrionale in western Norway (Eidfjord), Nor. entomol. tidsskr., 8, 1-15.

Løken A., 1958. Pollination studies in apple orchards of western Norway, Proc. Xth int. congr. entomol., 4, 961-966.

McCann C., 1952. The tui and its food plants, Notornis, 1952, 6-14.

McGregor S. E., 1976. Insect pollination of cultivated crop plants, U. S. Dept. agricult. handb., 496, 411 pp.

McGregor S. E., Alcorn S. K., Kurtz E. В. jr., Butler G. D., 1959. Bee visitors to saguaro flowers, J. econ. entomol. 52, 1002-1004.

Macior L. W., 1966. Foraging behavior of Bombus (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in relation to Aquilegia pollination, Am. J. bot. 53, 302-309.

Macior L. W., 1968a. Pollination adaptation in Pedicular is groenlandica, Am. J. bot., 55, 927-932.

Macior L. W., 1968b. Pollination adaptation in Pedicularis canadense, Am. J. bot. 55, 1031-1035.

Macior L. W., 1969. Pollination adaptation in Pedicularis lanceolata, Am. J. bot. 56, 853-859.

Macior L. W., 1970. The pollination ecology of Pedicularis in Colorado, Am. J. bot., 57, 716-728.

Macior L. W., 1971. Co-evolution of plants and animals - systematic insight, from plant-insect interaction, Taxon, 20, 17-28.

Macior L. W., 1974. Behavioral aspects of coadaptation between flower and insect pollinator, Ann. Mo. bot. gard. 61, 760-769.

Macior L. W., 1975. The pollination ecology of Pedicularis in the Yukon territory, Am. J. bot., 62, 1065-1072.

Macior L. W., 1977. The pollination ecology of Pedicularis (Scrophulariaceae) in the Sierra Nevada of California, Bull, Torr. bot. cl. 104, 149-154.

Mackensen O., Nye W. P., 1969. Selective breeding of honeybees for alfalfa pollen collection: sixth generation and outcrosses, J. apicult. res., 8, 9-12.

McNaughton J. H., Harper J. G., 1960. External breeding barriers between Papaver species, New phytol., 59, 15-26.

McWilliams J. R., 1958. The role of the micropyle in the pollination of Pinus, Bot. gaz., 120, 109-117.

McWilliams J. R., 1959. Interspecific incompatibility in Pinus, Am. J. bot., 46, 452-453.

Madison M., 1979. Protection of developing seeds in neotropical Araceae, Aroideana, 2, 52-58.

Maeterlinck M., 1907. L'intelligence des fleurs.

Mahabale T. S., 1968. Spores and pollen of water plants and their dispersal, Rev. palaeobot. palynol., 7, 285-296.

Maheshwari P., 1960. Evolution of the ovule, Birbal Sahni inst. paleobot., Lucknow, 13 pp.

Mandl K., 1924. Über Cypripedilum macranthos Swartz, useine Varietäten und sein natürlicher Bastard mit C. calcrolus L., Österr. bot. Z. 73, 267-271.

Manning A., 1956. The effects of honey-guides, Behaviour, 9, 114-139.

Manning A., 1957. Some evolutionary aspects of the flower constancy of bees, Proc. R. phys. soc., 25, 67-71.

March G. L., Sadleir R. M. F. S., 1972. Studies on the band-tailed pigeon (Columba fasciata) in British Columbia. II: Food resources and mineral-getting activity, Syesis, 5, 279-285. Quoted from Biol. abstr., 55, 48159.

Marden L., 1963. The man who talks to hummingbirds, Nat. geogr. mag., 123, 80-99.

Martin F. W., 1967. Distyly, self-incompatibility, and evolution in Melochia, Evolution, 21, 493-499.

Martin F. W., 1969. Compounds from the stigmas of ten species, Am. J. bot., 56, 1023-1027.

Martin F. W., Ruberte R., 1972. Inhibition of pollen germination and tubegrowth by stigmatic substances, Phyton Rev. int. bot. exp., 30, 119-125. exp., 30, 119-125.

Matthes D., Scicha E., 1966. Funktionsmorphologische Studien an Mundwerkzeugen pollenfressender Coleopteren (Malachiidae), Naturwissenschaften, 53, 364.

Mathur G., Ram H. Y., Mohan, 1978. Significance of petal colour in thrips-pollinated Lantana camara L., Ann. bot., 42, 1473-1476.

Maurizio A., 1942. Pollenanalytische Beobachtungen, 10-12, Schweiz, Bienenztg, II, 524-534.

Maurizio A., 1950a. Bienenvergiftungen, mit pflanzlichen Wirkstoffen, Proc. VIII int. bot. congr., Stockholm, 1950, 190-192.

Maurizio A., 1950 b. The influence of pollen feeding and brood rearing on the lenght of life and physiological condition of the honeybee, Bee world, 31, 9-12.

Maurizio A., 1953. Weitere Untersuchungen an Pollenhöschen, Beih. schweiz. Bienenztg., 2, 486-556.

Maurizio A., 1959. Pollenkeimung hemmende Stoffe im Korper der Honigbiene, XVIIth int. Bienenzücht. Kongr. Bologna-Roma, 1958.

Maurizio A., 1975. Der Honig, Ulmer (Stuttgart), 212 pp.

Maurizio A., Grafl I., 1936. Das Trachtpflanzenbuch, Ehrenwirth (München).

Mayr E., 1947. Ecological factors in evolution, Evolution, 1, 263-288.

Мазохин-Поршняков Г. А., Граевская E. E., 1966. Recognition of colour combinations and the comparison of this ability in bees and wasps, Zh. obshch. biol. 27, 112-116.

Medler J. F., 1962. Effectiveness of domiciles for bumblebees, Proc. 1st. int. congr. pollination, Medd. 7 Sver. fröodlareförb., 8 pp.

Meeuse A. D. J., 1972. Palm and pandan pollination: primary anemophily or primary entomophily, Botanique, 3, 1-6.

Meeuse A. D. J., 1974. The different origins of petaloid semaphylls, Phytomorphology, 23, 88-99.

Meeuse A. D. J., 1975. Changing floral concepts: Anthocorms, flowers and anthoids, Acta bot. neerl, 24, 23-36.

Meeuse A. D. J., 1978. Nactarial secretion, floral evolution, and the pollination syndrome in early angiosperms, Proc. K. nederl. ak. wetensch., Amsterdam, ser. C. 81, 300-326.

Meeuse В. J. D., 1959. Beetles as pollinators, Biologist, 42, 22-32.

Meeuse B. J. D., 1961. The story of pollination, Ronald (New York), 243 pp.

Meeuse B. J. D., 1966. Production of volatile amines and skatoles at anthesis in some arum lily species, Plant. physiol., 41, 343-347.

Meeuse B. J. D., 1968. Enige factoren die van invloed zijn op het openen en dichtgaan van bloemen, Vakbl. biol., 1968, 155-165.

Meeuse B. J. D., 1975. Thermogenic respiration in aroids, Ann. rev. plant physiol., 26, 117-126.

Meeuse В. J. D., Buggeln R. G., 1969. Time, space, light, and darkness in the metabolic flare-up of the Sauromatum appendix, Acta bot. neerl., 18, 159-172.

Mehra P. N., 1950. Occurrence of hermaphrodite flowers and the development of female gametophytes in Ephedra intermedia Schrenk. et Mey, Ann. bot. N. S., 14, 164-180.

Meidell O., 1945. Notes on the pollination of Melampyrum pratense and the "honeystealing" of bumblebees and bees, Bergens mus. arb., 1944 Natv. rk. 11.

Mell R., 1922. Beiträge zur Fauna sinica. I: Die Vertebraten Südchinas, Arch. Naturgesch. Ser. A, 88, 1-134.

Michener C. D., 1965. A classification of the bees of the Australian and South Pacific region, Bull. Am. mus. nat. hist., 139, 1-132.

Miller R. В., 1973. Maintaining species integrity in Aquilegia: are pollinators relevant?, Abstr. lect. 1st ICESB, 1 p.

Miller R. В., 1978. The pollination ecology of Aquilegia elegantula and A. coerulea (Ranunculaceae) in Colorado, Am. J. bot., 65, 406-414.

Mogea J. P., 1978. Pollination in Salacca edulis, Principes, 22, 56-63.

Mogford D. J., 1978. Pollination and flower colour polymorphism with special reference to Cirsium palustre, In Richards, 1978, 191-200.

Moll J. W., 1934. Phytography as a fine art, Brill (Leiden), 543 pp.

Morcombe M. K., 1968. Australia's western wildflowers, Landfall Press (Perth), 112 pp.

Mori S. A., Prance G. Т., Bolton A. P., 1978. Additional notes on the floral biology of neotropical Lecythidaceae, Brittonia, 30, 113-130.

Morley B. D., 1971. A hybrid swarm between two hummingbird-pollinated species of Columnea (Gesneriaceae) in Jamaica, J. Linn. soc. Botany, 64, 81-96.

Mosebach G., 1932. Über die Schleuderbewegungen der explodierenden Staubgefasse und Staminodien bei einigen Urticaceen, Planta, 16, 70-115.

Müller H., 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten, Engelmann (Leipzig), 479 pp.

Müller H., 1881. Alpemblumen, ihre Befruchtung durch Insekten, Engelmann (Leipzig), 611 pp.

Müller L., 1926. Zur biologischen Anatomie der Blüten von Ceropegia woodii Schlechter, Biol. gen., 2, 799-814.

Müller L., 1929. Anatomisch-biomechanische Studien an maskierten Scrophulariaceenblüten, Österr. bot. Z., 79, 193-214.

Müller L., 1939. Der Bewegungsmechanismus der Corydalisblüten und sein Feinbau, Österr. bot. Z., 88, 1-23.

Mulcahy D. L. (ed.), 1975. Gamete competition in plants and animals, North Holland publ. со. (Amsterdam etc.), 288 pp.

Mulcahy D. L., Caporello D., 1970. Pollen flow within a tristylous species: Lythrum salicaria, Am. J. bot., 57, 1027-1030.

Mulligan G. A., Kevan P. G., 1973. Color, brightness, and other floral characteristics attracting insects to the blossoms of some Canadian weeds, Can. J. bot., 51, 1939-1952.

Neal M. С., 1929. In Honolulu gardens, Bernice C. Bishop mus. spec. publ., 13, 336 pp.

Nielsen E. Tetens, 1963. Om myg og deres levevis, Nat. verden, 46, 129-160.

Niknejad M., Khosh-khuni M., 1972. Natural cross-pollination in gram (Cicer arietinum L.), Ind. J. agric. sci. 42, 273-274. Quoted from Biol. abstr., 55, 65966.

Nilsson H., 1947. Totale Inventierung der Mikrotypen eines Minimiareals von Taraxacum officinale, Hereditas, 33, 119-142.

Nordhagen R., 1932. Morphologie und Verbreitungsbiologie der Gattung Roscoea Sm., Bergens mus. årb., 1932, Natv. rk., 4, 57 pp.

Nordhagen R., 1938. Studien über die monotypische Gattung Calluna Salisb, I-II, Bergens mus. årb., 1937, Natv. rk., 4.

Norstog K., Stevenson D. W., 1980. Wind? Or Insects? The pollination of cycads, Fairchild trop. gard. bull., 35, 28-30.

Nunez J. A., 1967. Sammelbienen markieren versiegte Futterquellen durch Duft., Naturwissenschaften, 54, 322-323.

Ockendon D. J., Currah L., 1977. Self-pollen reduces the number of crosspollen tubes in the styles of Brassica oleracea, New phytol., 78, 675-680.

Okada Y., Otaya T., 1930. Study of Euryale ferox Salisb. II. Cleistogamous versus chasmoganous flowers, Bot. mag. Tokyo, 44, 369-373.

Olberg G., 1951. Blüte und Insekt., Akadem. Verlagsges. (Leipzig).

Omarov D. S., 1973. Free wind pollination of winter barley, S., KH. biol., 8, 374-377, Quoted from Biol. abstr., 57, 5918.

Ordetz G. S. Ris, 1952. Flora Apicola de la America tropical, Habana.

Ornduff R., 1966. The origin of dioecism from heterostyly in Nymphoides (Menyanthaceae), Evolution, 20, 309-314.

Ornduff R., 1970. Incompatibility and the pollen economy of Jepsonia parryi, Am. J. bot., 57, 1036-1041.

Ornduff R., 1972. The breakdown of trimorphic incompatibility in Oxalis corniculatus, Evolution, 26, 52-65.

Ornduff R., Dulberger R., 1978. Floral enentiomorphy and the reproductive system of Wachendorfia paniculata (Haemodoraceae), New phytol. 80, 427-434.

Oster G., Heinrich В., 1976. Why do bumblebees major? A mathematical model, Ecol, monogr., 46, 129-133.

Overland L., 1960. Endogenous rhythm in opening and odor of flowers of Cestrum nocturnum, Am. J. bot., 47, 378-382.

Palmer-Jones Т., Forster I. W., 1972. Measures to increase the pollination of lucerne (Medicago sativa Linn.), N. Z. J. agric. res., 15, 186-193.

Pande G. K., Pakrash R., Hassam M. A., 1972. Floral biology of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), Ind. J. agric. sci. 48, 697-703, Quoted from Biol. abstr., 56, 29310.

Pandey К. K., 1960. Evolution of gametophytic and sporophytic systems of self-incompatibility in angiosperms, Evolution, 14, 98-115.

Pascher A., 1959. Zur Blütenbiologie einer aasblumigen Liliacee und zur Verbreitungsbiologie abfallender gefliigelter Kapseln, Flora, 148, 153-178.

Paz U., 1970. Wild flowers from Negev to Hermon, Masada, 84 ill. (Original Hobrew).

Pedersen P. H., Johansen H. В., Jergensen J., 1961. Pollen Spreading in diploid and tetraploid rye. Distance of pollen spreading and risk of intercrossing, K. vet. landbohøjsk, 1961, 68-86.

Pennell F. W., 1948. The taxonomic significance of an understanding of floral biology, Brittonia, 6, 301 -308.

Percival M. S., 1947. Pollen collecting by Apis mellifera, New phytol., 46, 142-173.

Percival M. S., 1955. The presentation of pollen in certain angiosperms and its collection by Apis mellifera, New phytol., 54, 353-368.

Percival M. S., 1961. Types of nectar in angiosperms, New phytol., 60, 235-281.

Percival M. S., 1965. Floral biology, Pergamon (Oxford), 239 pp.

Petersen В., 1977. Pollination by ants in the alpine tundra of Colorado, Trans. Ill. state acad. sci., 70, 345-355.

Petter J. J., 1962. Recherches sur l'ecologie et l'ethologie des lemuriens malgaches, Mém. mus. hist. nat.

Pickett C. H., Clarke W. D., 1979. The function of extrafloral nectaries in Opuntia acanthocarpa (Cactaceae), Am. J. bot., 66, 618-625.

Pijl L. van der, 1933. Welriekende vliegenbloemen bij Alocasia pubera, De trop. nat., 22, 210-214.

Pijl L. van der, 1936. Fledermäuse und Blumen, Flora, 31, 1-40.

Pijl L. van der, 1937a, Disharmony between Asiatic flower-birds and American bird-flowers, Ann. jard. bot. Buitenz., 48, 17-26.

Pijl L. van der, 1937b. Biological and physiological observations on the inflorescence of Amorphophallus, Rec. trav. bot. neerl., 34, 157-167.

Pijl L. van der, 1939. Over de meeldraden van enkele Melastomataceae, De trop. nat., 28, 169-172.

Pijl L. van der, 1951. On the morphology of some tropical plants: Gloriosa, Bougainvillea, Honckenya and Rottboellia, Phytomorphology, 1, 185-188.

Pijl L. van der, 1953. On the flower biology of some plants from Java, Ann. bogor., 1, 77-99.

Pijl L. van der, 1954. Xylocopa and flowers in the Tropics. I-III, Proc. K. ned. ak. wet. Ser. C., 57, 413-423, 541-562.

Pijl L. van der, 1955. Some remarks on myrmecophytes, Phytomorphology, 5, 190-200.

Pijl L. van der, 1956. Remarks on pollination by bats in the genera Freycinetia, Duabanga and Haplophragma and on chiropterophily in general, Acta bot. neerl., 5, 135-144.

Pijl L. van der, 1957. Dispersal of plants by bats (chiropterochory), Acta bot. neerl., 6, 291-315.

Pijl van der, 1960, 1961. Ecological aspects of flower evolution. I-II, Evolution, 14, 403-416; 15, 44-59.

Pijl L. van der, 1969. Evolutionary action of tropical animals on the reproduction of plants, Biol. J. Linn. soc., 1, 85-92.

Pijl L. van der, 1972. Functional considerations and observations on the flowers of some Labiatae, Blumea. 20, 93-103.

Pijl L. van der, Dodson C., 1966. Orchid flowers. Their pollination and evolution, Univ. Miami Press (Coral Gables), 214 pp.

Pohl F., 1929. Beziehung zwischen Pollenbeschaffenheit, Bestäubungsart und Fruchtknotenbau, Bein. bot. Zentralbl., 46, 1, 247-285.

Pohl F., 1930. Kittstoffreste auf den Pollenoberflüchen windblütiger Pflanzen, Beih. bot. Zentralbl., 46, 1, 286-305.

Pohl F., 1935. Ein Fall von zweckloser Proterandrie (Butomus umbellatus), Ber. dtsch. bot. Ges., 53, 779-782.

Pohl F., 1937a. Die Pollenkorngewichte einiger Pflanzen und ihre okologische Bedeutung, Beih. bot. Zentralbl., 57, 112-172.

Pohl F., 1937b. Die Pollenerzeugung der Windblütler, Beih. bot. Zentralbl. 56, 365-470.

Pojar J., 1973. Pollination of typically anemophilous salt marsh plants by bumblebees, Bombus terricola occidental is Gren, Am. midl. nat., 89, 448-451.

Pojar J., 1974. Reproductive dynamics of four plant communities of southwestern British Columbia, Can. J. bot., 52, 1819-1834.

Пономарев A. Н., 1966. Some adaptations to anemophily in grasses, Bot. zh., 51, 28-39.

Пономарев A. H., Прокудин Ю. H., 1975. Dynamic anemophily and its significance for grass taxonomy and speciation. XILth int. bot. congr. Sect. 6, Struct. bot. Symp. 3, Flower struct, pollin. ecol. Leningr., 7 pp.

Пономарев А. Н., Русакова М. Б., 1968. The daily rhythm of pollination and its role in the speciation in grasses, Bot. zh., 53, 1371-1383.

Porsch O., 1905. Beiträge zur histologischen Blütenbiologie. I: Über zwei neue Insektenanlockungsmittel der Orchideenblüten, Österr. bot. Z., 55, 165-173; 227-235, 253-260.

Porsch O., 1922. Methoden der Blütenbiologie, Abderhaldens Handb. biol. Arbeitsmeth., 11, 1, 395-514.

Porsch O., 1924, 1929. Vogelblumenstudien. I-II, Jahrb. wiss. Bot., 63, 553-706; 70, 181-277.

Porsch O., 1926a. 30 Kritische Quellenstudien über Blumenbesuch durch Vögel. I-V, Biol. gen., 2, 217-240; 3, 171-206, 475-548; 5, 157-210; 6, 133-246.

Porsch O., 1926b. Vogelblütige Orchideen, Biol. gen., 2, 107-136.

Porsch O., 1931a. Grellrot als Vogelblumenfarbe, Biol. gen., 9, 647-674.

Porsch O., 1931b. Crescentia, eine Fledermausblume, Österr. bot. Z., 80, 32-44.

Porsch O., 1934-1936. Säugetiere als Blumenbesucher und die Frage der Säugetierblume, Biol. gen., 10, 657-685; 11, 171-185; 12, 1-8.

Porsch O., 1936b. Säugetierblumen, Forsch. Fortschr., 12, 207.

Porsch O., 1937a. Die Bestäubungseinrichtungen der Loxanthocerei, Cactaceae (jahrb. dtsch. Kakt., Ges.), 1937, 15-19.

Porsch O., 1938, 1939. Das Bestäubungsleben der Kakteenblüte, Cactaceae (Jahrb dtsch. Kakt., Ges.), 1938, 1939.

Porsch O., 1941. Ein neuer Types Fledermausblumen, Biol. gen., 15, 283-294.

Porsch O., 1950. Geschichtliche Lebenswertung der Kastanienblüte, Österr. bot. Z., 97, 269-321.

Porsch O., 1956. Windpollen und Blumeninsekt, Österr. bot. Z., 103, 1-19.

Porsch O., 1958. Alte Insektentypen als Blumenausbeuter, Österr. bot. Z., 104, 115-164.

Poulton E. B., 1938. The conception of the species as interbreeding communities, Proc. Linn, soc., London, 150, 225-226.

Powell J. A., Mackie R. A., 1966. Biological interrelationships of moths and Yucca whipplei, Univ, Cal. publ. entomol., 42.

Prance G. Т., 1976. The pollination and androphore structure of some Amazonian Lecythidaceae, Biotropica, 8, 235-241.

Prance G. Т., Anderson А. В., 1976. Studies of the floral biology of neotropical Nymphaeaceae 3, Acta amazonica, 6, 163-170.

Prazmo, 1960. Genetic studies in the genus Aquilegia L. I: Crosses between Aquilegia vulgaris L. and Aquilegia ecalcarata Maxim, Acta soc. bot. pol., 29, 57-77.

Priesner E., 1973. Reaktionen von Riechrezeptoren männlicher Solitair-bienen auf Inhaltsstoffe von Ophrys, Blüten, In Kullenberg and Stenhagen, 1973, 43-51.

Proctor M., Yeo P., 1972. The pollination of flowering plants, New naturalist (N. Y.), 54, 418 pp.

Pruzcinsky S., 1960. Über Trocken- und Feuchtluftresistenz des Pollens, Sitzungsber. österr. Akad. Wiss. Mat. natw. KI Abt., 1, 169, 43-100.

Pryce-Jones J., 1944. Some problems associated with nectar, pollen and honey, Proc. Linn. soc. London, 153, 129-174.

Pulliam H. R., 1974. On the theory of optimal diet, Am. nat. 108, 59-74.

Ramirez W., 1969. Fig wasps: mechanism of pollen transfer, Science, 163, 580-581.

Rattray G., 1913. Notes on the pollination of some South African cycads, Trans. R. Soc. S. Afr. 3, 259-270.

Raven P. H., 1972. Why are bird-pollinated flowers predominantly red?, Evolution, 26, 674.

Raw A., 1974. Pollen preference of three Osmia species (Hymenoptera), Oikos, 25, 54-60.

Rempe H., 1937. Untersuchungen über die Verbreitung des Blütenstaubes durch die Luftströmungen, Planta, 27, 93-147.

Resvoll Т. R., 1918. En utpreget selvbestøver, Nyt mag. naturvid., 56, 131-135.

Rhein W. von., 1952, 1953. Über die Duftlenkung der Bienen beim Raps im Jahre 1952 und ihre Ergebnisse, Hess. Biene, 88, 192-194.

Ribbands C. R., 1955. The scent perception of the honeybee, Proc. R. soc. B, 143, 367-379.

Richards A. J. (ed.), 1978. The pollination of flowers by insects, Linn. Soc. Sympos. ser. 6, 213 pp.

Rickson F. R., 1979. Ultrastructural development of the beetle food tissue of Calcycanthus flowers, Am. J. bot., 66, 84-86.

Roberts H. F., 1929. Plant hybridization before Mendel, Facsimile reprint 1965, Hafner (New York), 374 pp.

Roggen H. P. J. R., 1972. Scanning electron microscopical observation on compatible and incompatible pollen-stigma interaction in Brassica, Euphytica, 21, 1-10.

Roggen H. P. J. R., van Jijk A. J., 1974. Electric aided and bud pollination: which method to use for seed production in cole crops (Brassica oleracea)?, Euphytica, 22, 260-263, Quoted from Biol. abstr., 57, 8229.

Rourke J., Wiens D., 1977. Convergent evolution in South African and Australian Proteaceae, Ann. Mo. bot. gard., 64, 1-17.

Sachs J., 1875. Geschichte der Botanik vom 16, Jahrhundert bis 1860 (München).

Sazima M., Sazima I., 1975. Quiropterofilia en Lafoensia pacari St. Hil. (Lythraceae), na Seira do Cipo, Minas Gerais, Cienc. cult., 27, 405-416.

Scheffner G., 1979. Extraflorale Nektarien bei Cuscuta, Ber. dtsch. bot. Ges., 92, 721-730.

Schlising R., Hainsworth F. R., Stiles F. G., 1972. Energetics of foraging rate and efficiency of nectar extraction by humming birds, Science, 176, 1351-1352.

Schmid R., 1975. Two hundred years of pollination biology: an overview, Biologist, 57, 26-35.

Schmucker Т., 1932. Physiologische und ökologische Untersuchungen an Blüten tropischer Nymphaea Arten, Planta, 16, 376-412.

Schneider E. L., 1979. Pollination biology of Nymphaeaceae, Proc. Vlth int. sympos. pollination, Md. agric. expt. st. Spec. publ., 1, 419-429.

Schneider E. L., Moore L. A., 1977. Morphological studies on the Nymphaeaceae, VII The floral biology of Nuphar lutea subsp. macrophylla, Brittonia, 29, 88-99.

Schoenichen W., 1902. Achtzig Schnemabilder aus der Lebensgeschichte der Blüten, Braunschweig (Goeritz), 156 pp.

Scholze E., Pichler H., Herau H., 1964. Zur Entfernugsschätzung der Bienen nach dem Kraftaufwand, Naturwissenschaften, 51, 69-70.

Schremmer F., 1941. Sinnesphysiologie und Blumenbesuch des Falters von Plusia gamma L., Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. Ökol., 74, 375-435.

Schremmer F., 1953. Blü tenbiologische Beobachtungen an Labiaten, Österr. bot. Z., 100, 8-24.

Schremmer F., 1955. Über anormalen Bl ütenbesuch und das Lernvermogen besuchender Insekten, Österr. bot. Z., 102, 551-571.

Schremmer F., 1959. Blütenbiologische Beobachtungen in Istrien, Österr. bot. Z., 106, 177-202.

Schremmer F., 1960. Acanthus mollis, eine europäische Holzbienenbl üte, Österr. bot. Z., 107, 84-105.

Schremmer F., 1963. Wechselbeziehungen zwischen Pilzen und Insekten. Beobachtungen an der Stinkmorchel, Phallus impudicus L. ex Pers., Österr. bot. Z., 110, 380-400.

Schremmer F., 1969. Extranuptiale Nektarien. Beobachtungen an Salix elaeagnos Scop. und Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn., Österr. bot. Z. 117, 205-222.

Schrottky C., 1908. Blumen und Insekten in Paraguay, Z. wiss. Insekten. - Biol., 4, 22-26, 47-52, 73-78.

Schuster J., 1932. Cycadaceae, Pflanzenreich IV, 1, 168 pp.

Семериков Л. Ф., Глотов H. В., 1971. Evolution of the isolation in populations of durmast oak (Quercus petraea Liebl.), Genetika, 7, 65-71.

Sernander R., 1906. Über postflorale Nektarien, Bot. stud. F. B. Kjellmann, 276-287.

Sharma M., 1970. An analysis of pollen loads of honeybees from Kangra, India, Grana, 10, 35-42.

Sharp M. A., Parker D. R., Ehrlich P. R., 1974. Plant resources and butterfly selection, Ecology, 55, 870-875.

Shaw R. C., 1962. The biosystematics of Scroplntlaria in western North America, Aliso, 5, 147-148.

Silberbauer-Gottsberger I., 1973. Blüten- und Fruchtbildung von Butia Leiospatha (Arecaceae), Österr. bot. Z., 121, 171-185.

Simpson В. В., Neff J. L., Siegler D., 1977. Krameria, free fatty acids and oil collecting bees, Nature, 267, 150-451.

Simpson J., 1966. Repellency of mandibular gland scent of worker honeybees, Nature, 209, 531-532.

Skovgaard O. S., 1970. Den Kaukaisiske honningbi som rødkløverbestover, Tidsskr. planteavl, 59, 877-878.

Smith А. С., 1949. Additional notes on Degeneria vitiensis, J. Arnold arbor., 30. 1-9.

Smith E. В., 1970. Pollen competition and relatedness in Haplopappus section Isopappus (Compositae), II, Am. J. bot., 57, 874-881.

Snow D. W., Snow В. K., 1980. Relationships between hummingbirds and flowers in the Andes of Colombia, Bull. Brit. mus. (hat. hist.), Zool. ser., 38, 105-139.

Soderstrom T. R., Calderon С. E., 1971. Insect pollination in tropical rain forest grasses, Biotropica, 3, 1-16.

Sols A., Cadenas E., Alvaredo F., 1960. Enzymatic basis of mannose toxicity in honeybees, Science, 131, 297-298.

Soria Vasco S. de J., 1970. Studies on Forcipomyia spp. midges (Diptera, Ceratopogonidae) related to the pollination of Theobroma cacao L., Diss. abstr., 31, 2744 B.

Springensguth W., 1935. Physiologische und ökologische Untersuchungen über extraflorale Nektarien und die sie besuchenden Insekten, Sitzungsber. Abh. naturf. Ges. Rostock, 3, F., 5, 31-111.

Stäger R., 1902. Chemischer Nachweis von Nektarien bei Pollenblumen und Anemophilen, Beih. bot. Zentralbl., 12, 34-43.

Stanley R. G., Linskens H. F., 1974. Pollen. Biology, biochemistry, management, Springer (New York), 307 pp.

Stebbins G. L., 1957. Self-fertilization and population variability in higher plants, Am. nat., 91, 337-354.

Stebbins G. L., 1958. Longevity, habitat, and release of genetic variability in higher plants, Cold Spring Harbor symp. quant. biol., 23, 365-378.

Stephen W. P., 1961. Artificial nesting sites for the propagation of the leafcutter bee Megachile (Eutricheraea) rotundata for alfalfa pollination, J. econ. entomol. 54, 989-993.

Stephenson A. G., Thomas W. W., 1977. Diurnal and nocturnal pollination of Catalpa speciosa, Syst. bot., 2, 191-198.

Stevens P. F., 1976. The altitudinal and geographical distributions of flower types in Rhododendron, section Vireya, especially in the Papuasian species, and their significance, Biol. J. Linn. soc., 72, 1-34.

Stiles F. G., 1971. Time, energy, and teritoriality of the Anna humming bird (Calypta anna), Science, 173, 818-821.

Stirton C. H., 1976. Thuranthos: notes on generic status, morphology, phenology and pollination biology, Bothalia, 12, 161-165.

Stone D., 1957. Studies in population differentiation and variation in Myosurus of the Ranunculaceae, Thesis Ph. D. Univ. Cal. Berkeley.

Stout А. В., 1926. The flower behavior of avocados, Mem. N. Y bot. gard. 7, 145-203.

Stout A. В., 1933. Dichogamy in flowering plants, Bull. Torr. bot. club, 55, 141-153.

Stoutamire W. P., 1967. Flower biology of the Lady's slipper (Orchidaceae: Cypripedium), Mich. bot., 6, 159-175.

Stoutamire W. P., 1968. Mosquito pollination of Habenaria obtusata (Orchidaceae), Mich. bot., 7, 203-212.

Stoutamire W. P., 1974. Australian terrestrial orchids, thynnid wasps, and pseudocopulation, Am. orch. soc. bull., 1974, 13-18.

Stoutamire W. P., 1978. Pollination of Tipularia discolor - an orchid with modified symmetry, Am. orchid soc. bull., 47, 413-415.

Straw R. M., 1955. Hybridization, homogany, and sympatric speciation, Evolution, 9, 441-444.

Straw R. M., 1972. A Markov model for pollination constancy and competition, Am. nat. 106, 597-620.

Straw R. U., 1956. Adaptive morphology of the Pentstemon flower, Phytomorphology, 6, 112-119.

Stuessy T. F., 1972. Revision of the genus Melampodium, Rhodora, 74, 1-70, 161-222.

Süssenguth K., 1936. Über den Farbwechsel von Blüten, Ber. dtsch. bot. Ges. 54, 409-417.

Sussman R. W., Raven P. H., 1978. Pollination by lemurs and marsupials: An archaic coevolutionary system, Science, 200, 731-736.

Swan K., 1961. The ecology of the high Himalayas, Sc. Am., 205, 68-78.

Swynnerton C. F. M., 1915. Short cuts by birds to nectaries. Short cuts to nectaries by blue-tits, J. Linn. soc. London, 43, 381-422.

Sørensen T., 1970. Beretning om Botaniskhaves virksomhed for året 1969, København, 1970.

Тахмаджян A., 1973. Evolution und Ausbreitung der Blütenpflanzen, Fischer (Jena), 189 pp.

Tanaka H., 1972. Pollination of Plectranthus injlexus, J. Jap. bot., 47, 249-254.

Taylor G. R., 1954. Sex in history, Ballantine (New York), 320 pp.

Taylor Т. M., Millay M. R., 1979. Pollination biology and reproduction in early seed plants, Rev. palaeobot. palynol., 27, 329-356.

Tengö J., Borgström G., 1977. Cleptoparasitism and odor mimetism in bees, Science, 196, 1117-1119.

Thien L. В., 1974. Floral biology of Magnolia, Am. J. bot., 61, 1037-1045.

Thien L. В., Heimermann W. H., Holman R. Т., 1975. Floral odors and quantitative taxonomy of Magnolia and Liriodendron, Taxon, 24, 557-568.

Thien L. В., Utech F., 1970. The mode of pollination in Habenaria obtusata (Orchidaceae), Am. J. bot., 57, 1031-1035.

Thijsse J. P., 1934. De bloemen en haar vrienden, Verkade (Zaandam), 93 pp.

Thomson G. M., 1927. The pollination of New Zealand flowers by birds and insects, Trans. proc. N. Z. inst., 57, 106-125.

Thorp R. W., Estes J. R., 1975. Intrafloral behavion of bees in flowers of Cassia fasciculata, J. Kansas entomol. soc., 48, 175-184.

Чикменев E. A., 1974. On the pollen viability of arctic grasses, Bot. zh., 59, 1520-1524.

Todd F. E., McGregor S. E., 1960. The use of honeybees in the production of crops, Ann. rev. entomol., 5, 265-278.

Toledo V. H., 1974. Observations on the relationships between hummingbirds and Erythrina species, Lloydia, 37, 482-487.

Toledo V. M., 1975. Cheiranthodendron pentadactylon Larreategui (Sterculiaceae): una espcie polinizada por aves percheras, Bol. soc. bot. Mex., 35, 59-67.

Trelease W., 1881. The fertilization of Salvia splendens by birds, Am. nat. 15, 265-269.

Troll C., 1943. Thermische Klimatypen der Erde, Petermanns Mitt., 89, 81-89.

Troll W., 1922. Über Staubblatt- und Griffelbewegungen und ihre teleologische Deutung, Flora N. F., 15, 191-250.

Troll W., 1929. Roscoea purpurea Sm., eine Zingiberacee mit Hebelme-chanismus in den Blüten, Planta, 7, 1-29.

Troll W., 1951. Botanische Notizen. II-III, Akad. Wiss. Lit. (Mainz) Abh. mat. - natw. Kl., 1951, 81-117.

Tschermak-Seysenegg E., 1957. Blütenbiologische Beobachtungen an Co-diaeum variegatum am Fensterbrett, Ber. dtsch. bot. Ges., 70, 449-452.

Uphof J. С. Т., 1938. Cleistogamic flowers, Bot. rev., 4, 21-50.

Valle J. J., Cirino D. R., 1972. Biologia floral del irupe, Victoria cruziana D'Orb., Darwiniana, 17, 477-497.

Velio F., Magalhaes W. S., 1971. Estudos sobre a participacao de formiga cacarema (Azteca chartifex spiriti Forel) na polinizacao do cacaueiro na Bahia, Rev. theobroma, 1, 29-42. Quoted from Biol. abstr., 55, 18933.

Верещагина В. A., 1965. The ecology of flowering and pollination of Oxalis acetosella, Bot. zh., 50, 1078-1091.

Visser T., 1955. Germination and storage of pollen, Meded. landbouwhogesch. Wageningen, 55, 1-68.

Vogel S., 1950. Farbwechsel und Zeichnungsmuster bei Blüten, Österr. bot. Z., 97, 44-100.

Vogel S., 1954. Blutenbiologische Typen als Elemente der Sippengliederung, Bot. Stud., 1, 1-338.

Vogel S., 1955. Ober den Blütendimorphismums einiger südafrikanischer Pflanzen, Österr. bot. Z., 102, 486-500.

Vogel S., 1958. Fledermausblumen in Südamerika, Österr. bot. Z., 105, 491-530.

Vogel S., 1959. Organographie der Blüten kapländischer Ophrydeen. 1-11, Akad. Wiss. Litt. (Mainz) Abh. Mat.-natw. Kl. 1959, 265-532.

Vogel S., 1961. Die Bestäubung der Kesselfallenblüten von Ceropegia, Beitr. Biol. pfl., 36, 159-237.

Vogel S., 1963. Duftdrüsen im Dienste der Bestäubung, Akad. Wiss. Litt. (Mainz) Abh. Mat.-natw. Kl., 1962, 605-763.

Vogel S., 1965a. Kesselfallenblumen, Umschau, 65, 12-16.

Vogel S., 1965b. Mutualismus und Parasitismus in der Nutzung von Pollenträgern, Verh. dtsch. zool. Ges., 1975, 102-110.

Vogel S., 1966. Parfümsammelnde Bienen als Bestäuber von Orchideen und Gloxinia, Österr. bot. Z., 113, 302-361.

Vogel S., 1967. Iris fulva Ker.-Gawl., eine Kolibri-Blume, Jahrb. dtsch. Lilienges, 1967, 3-11.

Vogel S., 1968a, 1969a. Chiropterophilie in der neotropischen Flora. I-III, Flora, 157, 562-602; 158, 185-222, 269-323.

Vogel S., 1968b. Scent organs of orchid flowers and their relation to insect pollination, Proc. 5th world orch. conf. Long Beach (Cal.), 1966, 253-259.

Vogel S., 1969. Flowers offering fatty oil instead of nectar, Abstr. Xlth int. bot. congr., 229.

Vogel S., 1972. Pollination von Orchis papilionacea L. in den Schwarmbahnen von Eucera tuberculata F., Jahresber. naturw. Ver. Wuppertal, 25, 67-74.

Vogel S., 1973. Fungus mimesis of fungusgnat flowers, In Brantjes and Linskens, 1973, 13-18.

Vogel S., 1974. Ölblumen und ölsammelnde Bienen, Trop. subtrop. Pflanzenw. (7), 283-547.

Vogel S., 1975. V Blütenökologie, Fortschr. bot., 37, 379-392.

Vogel S., 1975a. Oelblumen der Holarktis, Naturwissenschaften, 63, 44-45.

Vogel S., 1975b. Campanula rotundifolia (Campanulaceae) Pollination durch Apis mellifica (Hymenoptera), Melittophilie, Encyclopaedia cinematographica E 2049, 7 pp.

Vogel S., 1975. Mutualismus und Parasitismus in der Nutzung von Pollenträgern, Verh. dtsch. zool. Ges., 1975, 102-110.

Vogel S., 1976a. Lysimachia: Oelblumen der Holarktis, Naturwissenschaften, 63, 44-45.

Vogt P., 1966. Bienen unterscheiden Flimmerfrequenzen im Verhaltensexperiment, Naturwissenschaften, 53, 536.

Vogel S., 1977. Nektarien und ihre ökologische Bedeutung, Apidologie, 8, 321-335.

Vogel S., 1978. Evolutionary shift from reward to deception in pollen flowers, In Richards, 1978, 89-96.

Vogel S., 1978. Pilzmückenblumen als Pilzmimeten I, Flora, 167, 329-366.

Vogel S., Müller-Doblies M.-D., 1975: Eine nachtblütige Herbst - Narcisse Bot. Jhrb. Syst., 96, 427-447.

Vuillemier B. S., 1967. The origin and evolutionary development of heterostyly in plants, Evolution, 21, 210-226.

Wafa A. K., Ibrahim S. H., Ewers M. A., 1973. Activity of honeybees on alfalfa, Medieago sativa L., and its competitor plants (Hymenoptera, Apoidea), Bull. soc. entomol. Egypte, 56 (1972), 227-233, Quoted from Biol. abstr., 57, 7384.

Wahl O., 1966. Besitzen höselnde Bienen einen Spursinn fur den Nahrwert des Sammelgutes?, Z. Bienenforsch., 8, 229-235.

Wainwright С. M., 1978. The floral biology and pollination ecology of two desert lupines, Bull. Torrey bot. club, 105, 24-38.

Waller G. D., 1970. Attracting honeybees to alfalfa with citral, geraniol and anise, J. apicult. res., 9, 9-12.

Waller G. D., Loper G. M., Berdel R. L., 1974. Olfactory discrimination by honeybees of terpenes identified from volatile oil of alfalfa flowers, J. apicult. res., 13, 191-197.

Wanndorp H. E., 1974. Calotropis gigantea (Asclepidaceae) and Xylocopa tenuis capa (Hymenoptera, Apoidea), Sven. bot. tidskr., 68, 25-32.

Waser N. M., 1978. Competition for hummingbird pollinators and sequential flowering in two Colorado wildflowers, Ecology, 59, 934-944.

Watt W. В., Hoch P. C., Mills S. G., 1974. Nectar resource use by Colias butterflies: chemical and visual experiments, Oecologia (Berlin), 14, 353-374.

Webb D. A., 1957. The vasculum and the microtome, Adv. sci., 55, 183-190.

Wemple D. K., Leersten N. E., 1966. An interpretation of the flower of Petalostemon, Brittonia, 18, 117-125.

Wendelbo P., 1965. The genus Pedicularis in Afghanistan with notes on the floral morphology of P. bicornuta, Nyt., mag. bet., 12, 123-134.

Werth E., 1915. Kurzer Überblick über die Gesamtfrage der Ornithophilie, Bot. Jahrb., 53, 313-378.

Werth E., 1956a. Bau und Leben der Blumen, Enke (Stuttgart), 204 pp.

Werth E., 1956b. Zur Kenntnis des Androeceirtns der Gattung Salvia und seiner stammesgeschichtlichen Wandlung, Ber. dtsch. bot. Ges., 69, 381-386.

Wester J., 1910. Pollination experiments with Annona, Bull. Torr. bot. cl., 37 522-534.

Wettstein R. von, 1888. Über die Kompositen der österreichisch-ungarischen Flora mit zuckerausscheidenden Hüllschuppen, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien. Nat.-natw. Kl, 97, 570-589.

Whigham D., 1974. An ecological life history study of Uvularia perfoliata L., Am. midl. nat. 91, 343-359.

Whitehouse H. L. K., 1950. Multiple-allelomourph incompatibility of pollen and style in the evolution of the angiosperms, Ann. bot. N. S., 14, 199-215.

Wiebes J. Т., 1963. Taxonomy and host preferences of Indo-Australian fig wasps of the genus Ceratosolen (Agaonidae), Tijdshr. entomol., 106, 1-112.

Wiens D., Rourke J., 1978. Rodent pollination in Southern African Protea spp., Nature, 276, 71-73.

Wiebes J. Т., 1966. Provisional host catalogue of fig wasps (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea), Zool. Verh. Leiden, 83, 44 pp.

Wiesmann R., 1962. Geruchsorientierung der Stubenfliege, Musca domestica, Z. angew. entomol., 50, 74-81.

Wiggins E. D., 1979. Blowflies on strawberries, B. S. В. I., news, 22, 27.

Williams N. H., Dodson С. H., 1972. Selective attraction of male euglossine bees to orchid floral fragrances and its importance in long distance pollen flow, Evolution, 26, 84-95.

Willis J. C., 1895. Contribution to the natural history of the flower. I-II, J. Linn. soc. London, 30, 51-63, 284-298.

Wilson В. H., Lieux M., 1972. Pollen grains in the guts of field collected tabanids in Louisiana, Ann. entomol. soc. Am., 65, 1264-1266. Quoted from Biol. abstr., 55, 31711.

Winder J. A., Silva P., 1972a. Cacao pollination: microdiptera of cacao plantations and some of their breeding places, Bull. entomol. res., 61, 651-655. Quoted from Biol. abstr., 55, 54301.

Winder J. A., Silva P., 1972b. Resquisa sobre a polinizacao do cacaueiro por insectos na Bihia, Rev. theobroma, 2, 36-46. Quoted from Biol. abstr., 56, 42390.

Witherell P. C., 1972. Can hairless honeybees collect pollen?, Am. bee. J., 112, 119-131.

Wodehouse R. P., 1935. Pollen grains, McGraw-Hill (New York), 574 pp.

Wodehouse R. P., 1945. Haufever plants, Chronica botanica (Waltham, Mass.), 245 pp.

Wolf E., 1933. Das Verhalten der Bienen gegenüber flimmerndenn Feldern und bewegten Objekten, Z. vergl. Physiol., 20, 151-161.

Wolf L. L., 1975. Energy intake and expenditure in a nectar-feeding sunbird, Ecology, 56, 92-104.

Wolf L. L., Hainsworth F. R., 1971. Time and energy budgets of territorial hummingbirds, Ecology, 52, 980-988.

Wolff T., 1950. Pollination and fertilization of the fly ophrys, Ophrys insectifera L. in. Allindelille fredskov, Denmark, Oikos, 2, 20-59.

Wolff Т., 1951. Ecological investigations on the fly ophrys, Ophrys insectifera L. in Allindelille fredskow, Denmark, Oikos, 3, 71-97.

Wollin H., 1975. Kring nornans biologi, Flora fauna, 1975, 89-98.

Woodell S. R. J., 1979. The role of unspecialized pollinators in the reproduction success of Aldabran plants, Phil, trans. Roy. soc. London B, 286, 99-108.

Wright W., 1953. Some practical applications of pollen-dispersion studies, J. for., 51.

Yasuda К. К., 1939. Parthenocarpy induced by stimulation of pollination in some higher plants, Mem. fac. sci. agric. Taihoku imp. univ., 27, 1-50.

Zander E., 1935, 1949. Beträge zur Herkunftbestimmung bei Honig. I-IV, Liedloff et al. (Berlin, Leipzig), Ehrenwirth (München).

Zawortnik T. J., 1972. A new subgenus and species of Megandrena from Nevada, with notes on its foraging and mating behaviour (Hymenoptera; Andrenidae), Proc. entomol. soc. Wash. 74, 61-75. Quoted from Biol. abstr., 54, 31877.

Zeisler M., 1938. Über die Abgrenzung der eigentlichen Narbenfläche mit Hilfe von Reaktionen, Beih. bot, Zentralbl. A 58, 308-318.

Zimmermann J. G., 1932. Über die extrafloralen Nektarien der Angiospermen, Bein. bot. Zentralbl. Abt. 1, 49, 99-196.

предыдущая главасодержаниеследующая глава

A statement of retained earnings example can be extremely simple or very detailed.

© PLANTLIFE.RU, 2001-2021
При копировании материалов проекта обязательно ставить активную ссылку на страницу источник:
http://plantlife.ru/ 'PlantLife.ru: Статьи и книги о растениях'

Top.Mail.Ru Ramblers Top100

Поможем с курсовой, контрольной, дипломной
1500+ квалифицированных специалистов готовы вам помочь